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Ionization yield formation in argon-isobutane mixtures as measured by a proportional-counter method


Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Grosswendt, Bernd
Ionization yield formation in argon-isobutane mixtures as measured by a proportional-counter method // Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section B, Beam interactions with materials and atoms, 117 (1996), 1-2; 5-17 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Ionization yield formation in argon-isobutane mixtures as measured by a proportional-counter method

Autori
Krajcar Bronić, Ines ; Grosswendt, Bernd

Izvornik
Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section B, Beam interactions with materials and atoms (0168-583X) 117 (1996), 1-2; 5-17

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Ionization yield; W value; proportional counter; isobutane; gas mixtures

Sažetak
By using the proportional-counter method, mean ionization yields produced by 5.9 keV photons in argon-isobutane mixtures were measured as a function of the mixture composition, total gas pressure, and gas gains between about 10E3 and 2x10E4. It was found that the yield for a given mixture is gain dependent: an initial increase of the yield at low gas gains is followed by almost constant yield values for gains between about 2x10E3 and 8x10E3; at still higher gains the yield decreases. Moreover it was observed that the ionization yield at constant gas gain depends on the total pressure of the gas mixture. This dependence leads to a rather clear correlation between yields and isobutane partial pressure. To explain the measurements a simple model of the mean energy W per ion-pair formed in Penning gas mixtures is also given. A direct comparison of calculated W values and measured data showed that the results of our proportional-counter experiments performed at high gas gains were strongly influenced by secondary effects induced during the formation of avalanches in the counter when using low isobutane partial pressures. Therefore, Penning mixtures with incomplete quenching should not be used as a counting gas in proportional counters if both high gas gain and good energy resolution are required, as for instance, in high-resolution low-energy (sub-keV) X-ray spectroscopy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00980207

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ines Krajcar-Bronić, (112976)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus