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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 151768

Synthesis and Microstructural Properties of Fe-TiO2 Nanocrystalline Particles Obtained by a Modified Sol-Gel Method

Šijaković-Vujičić, Nataša; Gotić, Marijan; Musić, Svetozar; Ivanda, Mile; Popović, Stanko
Synthesis and Microstructural Properties of Fe-TiO2 Nanocrystalline Particles Obtained by a Modified Sol-Gel Method // Journal of sol-gel science and technology, 30 (2004), 1; 5-19 doi:10.1023/B:JSST.0000028174.90247.a9 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Synthesis and Microstructural Properties of Fe-TiO2 Nanocrystalline Particles Obtained by a Modified Sol-Gel Method

Šijaković-Vujičić, Nataša ; Gotić, Marijan ; Musić, Svetozar ; Ivanda, Mile ; Popović, Stanko

Journal of sol-gel science and technology (0928-0707) 30 (2004), 1; 5-19

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Fe-TiO2 ; particles ; iron doping ; sol-gel ; nanocrystallinity ; microstructure ; esterification ; DTA ; TGA ; Raman ; TEM ; SEM ; XRD

A series of iron/titanium oxide nanocrystalline particles with Fe/Ti molar ratios up to 0.15 were synthesized by a modified sol-gel technique using Ti(IV)-isopropoxide and anhydrous Fe(II)-acetate. The precursors were mixed and subsequently hydrolyzed with water molecules generated in situ by an esterification reaction between acetic acid and ethanol. As-synthesized samples were amorphous for XRD, independently of the relative amount of doped iron. The undoped samples and samples with the molar ratio Fe/Ti = 0.01, treated at up to 500degreesC, contained anatase as the dominant phase and rutile as the minor phase. The samples with the Fe/Ti molar ratio of 0.15, treated at the same temperature, contained anatase ( major phase), rutile (minor phase) and a very small amount of an unidentified phase. The crystallite size of the dominant phase in the samples was estimated from the XRD line broadening using the Scherrer formula. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that weight loss was accelerated and completed at lower temperatures as the relative concentration of iron in the Fe-TiO2 samples increased. The strong exothermic peak in the DTA curve between 300 and 450degreesC in the undoped TiO2 sample shifted to the lower temperatures and became much more asymmetrical with increased iron doping. This DTA peak corresponded to the amorphous-to-anatase-transition and it included several steps such as (i) the thermal degradation of strongly bound organic molecules, (ii) the condensation of unhydrolyzed-OR groups, (iii) the sintering and growth of particles and (iv) the rearrangement of newly formed chemical bonds. The center of the most intense Raman band of the E-g mode at 143.8 cm(-1) in the undoped TiO2 sample continually shifted to higher wave numbers and the full-width at half maximum increased with iron doping. Transmission electron microscopy revealed decrease of the mean particle size from 16.3 nm in undoped sample to 9.7 nm in the highest iron doped sample. The particle size distribution becomes narrower with iron doping. The narrowest particle size distribution was found in sample with the Fe/Ti molar ratio of 0.05, calcined at 500degreesC. Scanning electron microscopy of undoped samples calcined at 580degreesC showed irregular aggregates having a relatively flat surface. On the contrary, the samples doped with 15 mol% of iron and treated at the same temperature exhibited a non-uniform sponge-like surface with distributed micrometer holes. [R

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemija


Projekt / tema

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:

  • Chemical Abstracts