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Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leydig Cells in Patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia


Ježek, Davor; Mužić, Vedrana; Krhen, Ivan; Knežević, Nikola; Jurić Lekić, Gordana; Bulić-Jakuš, Floriana; Mareković, Zvonimir
Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leydig Cells in Patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia // Microscopy and Microanalysis, 9 (2003), Suppl. 3; 436-437 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leydig Cells in Patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia

Autori
Ježek, Davor ; Mužić, Vedrana ; Krhen, Ivan ; Knežević, Nikola ; Jurić Lekić, Gordana ; Bulić-Jakuš, Floriana ; Mareković, Zvonimir

Izvornik
Microscopy and Microanalysis (1431-9276) 9 (2003), Suppl. 3; 436-437

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Azoospermia; Leydig cells

Sažetak
Leydig cells are an important source of testosterone, the male sex hormone that stimulates spermatogenesis [1, 2]. These cells are situated in the testicular interstitial compartment, together with blood vessels and other cells of connective tissue. The structural integrity of Leydig cells is necessary for the normal sperm production [3, 4]. The purpose of the study was as follows: 1. to describe ultrastructural changes of Leydig cells in patients with a non-obstructive azoospermia ; 2. to check the testosterone production in situ in testicular biopsies of these patients and 3. to define the levels of this hormone in the blood serum. A total of 60 testicular biopsies from infertile patients with the non-obstructive azoospermia and 8 control biopsies were analysed. In control biopsies, Leydig cells displayed their normal ultrastructure. Round or oval nucleus was situated mostly in the centre of the cell. The chromatin of the nucleus was predominantly euchromatic, with a small presence of heterchromatin associated with the nuclear envelope. A prominent nucleolus was frequently observed. The cytoplasm of the cell was rich in cisternae of smooth endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria with tubular cristae. Occasional cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum, glycogen, lipid droplets and Reinke's crystals were also observed. Leydig cells in infertile men with non-obstructive azoospermia had a significantly changed ultrastructure. The nucleus of such cells was often indented with the increased presence of heterochromatin. Within the cell cytoplasm, a lot of lipid droplets and vacuoles of the electron low-density content could be noticed. There was a reduction in the cisternae of smooth endoplasmic reticulum, glycogen and mitochondria. The presence of Reinke's crystals seemed to be reduced in the pathologically changed cells. However, it should be pointed out that all biopsies contained a limited number of Leydig cells with the normal fine structure. Immunohistochemical analysis (IHC) pointed out a decreased testosterone production in situ (assessed by stereological analysis of IHC positive cells) in testicular biopsies of infertile group. However, when blood serum testosterone levels were considered, 86% of patients with non-obstructive azoospermia had normal testosterone levels. In only 3% of cases testosterone levels were decreased. In conclusion, Leydig cells in patients with the non-obstructive azoospermia displayed a significant change in their ultrastructure. The cells with the normal (unchanged) morphology were also observed within the same biopsies, but were less numerous. IHC data indicated the decreased production of testosterone in situ. However, in the vast majority of cases with non-obstructive azoospermia the peripheral levels of testosterone were normal. Electron microscopic and IHC observations on the fine structure of Leydig cells could help in the understanding of factors contributing to the male-factor infertility. References: 1.Regadera J. Codesal J. Paniagua R. Gonzalez-Peramato P. Nistal M. Immunohistochemical and quantitative study of interstitial and intratubular Leydig cells in normal men, cryptorchidism, and Klinefelter's syndrome. Journal of Pathology 1991 ; 164(4):299-306. 2.Regadera J. Cobo P. Martinez-Garcia F. Nistal M. Paniagua R. Testosterone immunoexpression in human Leydig cells of the tunica albuginea testis and spermatic cord. A quantitative study in normal foetuses, young adults, elderly men and patients with cryptorchidism. Andrologia 1993 ; 25(3):115-22. 3.Ježek D, Hittmair A, Rogatsch H, Schulze W. Immunocompetent and Leydig cells in testicular biopsies from infertile men. J Com Assist Microsc 1996 ; 8:193-196. 4.Lukayenko YO, Carpenter AM, Brigham D, Hutson JC. Regulation of Leydig cells through a StAR-independent pathway by a lipophilic factor from macrophages. J Endocrinol 1998 ; 158:267-275.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0108049
0108113

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Ježek, Davor; Mužić, Vedrana; Krhen, Ivan; Knežević, Nikola; Jurić Lekić, Gordana; Bulić-Jakuš, Floriana; Mareković, Zvonimir
Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leydig Cells in Patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia // Microscopy and Microanalysis, 9 (2003), Suppl. 3; 436-437 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Ježek, D., Mužić, V., Krhen, I., Knežević, N., Jurić Lekić, G., Bulić-Jakuš, F. & Mareković, Z. (2003) Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leydig Cells in Patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 9 (Suppl. 3), 436-437.
@article{article, year = {2003}, pages = {436-437}, keywords = {Azoospermia, Leydig cells}, journal = {Microscopy and Microanalysis}, volume = {9}, number = {Suppl. 3}, issn = {1431-9276}, title = {Ultrastructural and Immunohistochemical Analysis of Leydig Cells in Patients with Non-Obstructive Azoospermia}, keyword = {Azoospermia, Leydig cells} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE