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Prevalence, Features and Attitudes About Plagiarism in Biomedical Sciences: A Pilot Study


Petrovečki, Mladen; Bilić-Zulle, Lidija
Prevalence, Features and Attitudes About Plagiarism in Biomedical Sciences: A Pilot Study // 2002 Research Conference on Research Integrity - Abstracts
Potomac, SAD, 2002. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Prevalence, Features and Attitudes About Plagiarism in Biomedical Sciences: A Pilot Study

Autori
Petrovečki, Mladen ; Bilić-Zulle, Lidija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
2002 Research Conference on Research Integrity - Abstracts / - , 2002

Skup
2002 Research Conference on Research Integrity

Mjesto i datum
Potomac, SAD, 16-18.11.2002

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Ethics; Medical; Fraud; Intellectual property; Copyright; Plagiarism; Scientific Integrity; Scientific Misconduct

Sažetak
Objective: Investigation of attitudes and behavior of medical students on plagiarism, fraud and scientific misconduct. We present preliminary data based on survey conducted among second year medical students. Design: Students answered to six comprehensive questions about possible (fictitious) cases dealing with misconduct. Up to date of abstract submission two cases were revealed: plagiarism case with student copying a seminar paper, and fraud with MD writing results of routine physical examination before surgery as normal while hasn't done it. Results: Survey completely filled 105/115 students. Plagiarism was found unethical in 100 students and fraud case in 97 students, with no difference between groups (p=0.391). Thirty-one percent of students thought that plagiarism case had reasonable excuse, while only 13% of them thought that fraud had reasonable excuse (p=0.003). No significant difference was found between cases considering attitude: 66% of students would do the same in plagiarism case and 59% of students in fraud case (p=0.294). Also, 78% of students in plagiarism case and 68% in fraud case (p=0.115) reported having heard about such a case or even witnessing it. Interestingly, about 85% of students considered that subjects in both cases should be punished, with no significant difference in proportions (p=0.925). This suggests that students opinion on cases is mostly correct, basically &#8211 ; students find cases not ethical. But, it seems that students felt that case subjects did not perform serious and dangerous actions, i.e., they found cases trivial. Indeed, although 66% (plagiarism) and 59% (fraud) students said they would do it, all of them (99% in both cases) agree they would do it rarely, only under the exceptional circumstances. Conclusions: Lack of knowledge in recognizing scientific and academic misconduct and distinguishing it from criminal act implicates that medical students need further education in research integrity.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0062044

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka