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Effects of short term fat-free diet on fatty acid composition of liver phospholipids


Delaš, Ivančica; Popović, Milivoj; Delaš, Frane
Effects of short term fat-free diet on fatty acid composition of liver phospholipids // EJB The FEBS Journal
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Effects of short term fat-free diet on fatty acid composition of liver phospholipids

Autori
Delaš, Ivančica ; Popović, Milivoj ; Delaš, Frane

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
EJB The FEBS Journal / - Oxford : Blackwell Publishing, 2003

Skup
FEBS Special Meeting 2003 on Signal Transduction

Mjesto i datum
Brisel, Belgija, 3-8. 07. 2003

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Fat-free diet; fatty acid; phospholipid; rat; liver

Sažetak
The elucidation of phospholipids molecular species composition provides important information concerning membrane physical and biological properties. In this work the influence of fat free diet on the fatty acid composition and the arrangement on the glycerol backbone of rat liver phospholipids was studied. Animals were fed for two weeks with a fat free diet (FFD) isoenergetic with control diet (CD). Total lipids were extracted from liver homogenate and fatty acid composition was analyzed by using gas chromatography. Phospholipid classes were separated by column and high performance thin layer chromatography and, after treatment with phospholipase A2, composition of fatty acids linked to sn-1 and sn-2 position of glycerolipids was analyzed. In total lipids, a significant decrease in the 18:2, 20:4 and 20:5 species was counterbalanced by an enhancement in the 16:0, 16:1, 18:1 and 20:2 species. In contrast to total lipids, changes in the fatty acid composition and positional distribution of the three phosphoglyceride classes analyzed (phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylinositol + phosphatidylserine (PI+PS)), induced by fat free diet, were of less importance. The global fatty acid distribution was not affected. On sn-1 position of PC and PI+PS classes, the minor fall in 16:0 and 18:0 species was detected, with concomitant increase in 18:1, 20:2, and 22:6 species. Changes were even less pronounced on sn-2 position, suggesting that subtle modulations in fatty acid composition tend to compensate essential fatty acid deficiency.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0058020
0108068

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb