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PCDDS/FS contamination of the surroundings of spolana neratovice before and after floods 2002


Holoubek, Ivan; Čupr, Pavel; Jech, Libor; Ocelka, Tomáš; Kužílek, Vladimír; Vácha, Radim; Škarek, Michal
PCDDS/FS contamination of the surroundings of spolana neratovice before and after floods 2002 // Organohalogen compounds, Dioxin 2003 ; Brominated Flame Retardans, Environmental Transport and Fate, Atmospheric Transport and Fate / Hunt, Gary ; Clement, Ray (ur.).
Boston, Massachusetts, USA: RPJ Associates, Massachusetts, USA, 2003. str. 353-356


Naslov
PCDDS/FS contamination of the surroundings of spolana neratovice before and after floods 2002

Autori
Holoubek, Ivan ; Čupr, Pavel ; Jech, Libor ; Ocelka, Tomáš ; Kužílek, Vladimír ; Vácha, Radim ; Škarek, Michal

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Organohalogen compounds, Dioxin 2003 ; Brominated Flame Retardans, Environmental Transport and Fate, Atmospheric Transport and Fate

Urednik/ci
Hunt, Gary ; Clement, Ray

Izdavač
RPJ Associates, Massachusetts, USA

Grad
Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Godina
2003

Raspon stranica
353-356

ISBN
3-928379-15-1

Ključne riječi
POPs, dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, Czech Republic

Sažetak
The Spolana Neratovice factory is in this time probably the most known source of POPs contamination in the Czech Republic. The chemical factory of Spolana Neratovice is situated approximately 25 km north of Prague at the Elbe River. It produced in the period of 1965-68 the chlorine herbicide 2, 4, 5-T and chlorinated phenols. During the production due to breaking technological conditions, a huge amount of dioxins (in particular, the most toxic 2, 3, 7, 8-TCDD) was formed and former factory buildings containing products, intermediates, installations, etc. belong currently to the most dioxin-contaminated sites on the globe. Moreover, soil in the factory is highly contaminated with organochlorine pesticides produced there, as well. The 2, 4, 5-T and chlorophenols production was stopped in 1968 when about 80 cases of occupational diseases developed. The production was stopped in 1968 and former producing building were closed, but unfortunately did not decontaminated or destroyed up to date. This site is still a big potential source of contamination of Elbe river by OCPs and PCDDs/Fs. Chemical analysis proved an extremely a high degree of the contamination of waste products stored in production buildings, building walls and floors, air, soil and ground water. The highest concentration of dioxins (over 24 ppm of 2378-TCDD) was measured in the residues of chemical substances. It is assumed that there are tons of that waste stored in the buildings. The main goal the very broad set of chemical analysis, which were done after floods , was to determine the level of environmental compartments contamination in the vicinity of company by PCDDs/Fs, DL PCBs and other chlorinated POPs and evaluate the potential risk for human population in this area. The samples of soil, sediment and water were collected for the analysis of PCDDs/Fs, PCBs and OCPs. The sampling sites include localities within the chemical factory of Spolana Neratovice and localities from the surroundings (Neratovice, Mlékojedy, Libiš, Obříství, Větrušice). Besides these samples they were collected samples from other parts of the Czech Republic. They include both samples from background localities and samples from urbane localities as well. • Observed contents of PCDDs/PCDFs in Elbe sediments are not higher with comparison with the levels of PCDDs/Fs in industrial regions of the Czech Republic or Europe. • Similarly the soil contents of PCDDs/Fs are slowly higher than the mean level of contamination in the Czech Republic. • This investigation confirmed high contamination of some parts of area inside factory and also the existence of other source of PCDDs/Fs contamination. It can be connected with old chlorine production which was stopped in 1975. The congener pattern which is a typical for former production of chlorinated pesticides with the predominance of 2378-TCDD is easily recognized in the case of samples from the area of company (for example sample 3152, Fig. 2). For former chlorine production is typical congener pattern with higher contents of penta and hexa chlorinated furans). • Beside the PCDDs/Fs contamination, the contamination of environmental matrices by OCPs in the vicinity of the company was detected (soils from the surroundings, water from the area of company and some biotic samples). • The determined PCDDs/Fs concentrations in abiotic matrices do not represent acute health risk for human population.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb