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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 125089

The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia


Ilišin, Vlasta; Čular, Goran
The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia // The Making and Consolidation of Representative Elites after Authoritarian or Totalitarian Regimes: Central and Eastern Europe
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 2002. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, pregledni)


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Naslov
The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia

Autori
Ilišin, Vlasta ; Čular, Goran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, pregledni

Skup
The Making and Consolidation of Representative Elites after Authoritarian or Totalitarian Regimes: Central and Eastern Europe

Mjesto i datum
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 30.05.-2.06.2002

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
parliamentary elite; Croatia

Sažetak
Since 1990 research on parliamentary elite in Croatia has been developing within several methodologically and thematically different streams. Jović (1993) analyzed underlying structures of attitudes of the Croatian MPs in' the first parliamentary mandate 1990 - 1992. His analysis, based on a mail-survey distributed to the MPs in ; 1992 ; included several dimensions: representation, defining the political space, phases of decision making process, perceptions on power distribution between different branches of government, government and opposition, and effectiveness of Parliament, President and Cabinet. A similar research was repeated in 1998, during the third parliamentary mandate. However, up to now the results has not been interpreted but in a minor part. On the base of issue-positions of MPs Čular (2000) used two dimensions (ideological transparency and programmatic homogeneity) in order to explain different ways in which party elites maintain intra - party cohesion. Another analyses has been focused more to the structural and institutional framework in which MPs act or to the role of the parliament in shaping the transitional processes as well as to some aspects of policy process in the parliament. In this vein Zakošek (1993 ; 1994) concludes that the Croatian parliament had a significant and ; positive impact in early phase of democratic transition. However, due to the populist character of the ruling party, underdeveloped party system, strong constitutional prerogatives of the President and the nature of social cleavages that had been shaping the political space, the parliament later was marginalized. Similarly, the parliament had not played a particularly important role in the emergence of the tripartite interest intermediation in Croatia (Zakošek i996): Analyzing the mutual structural impact of parliamentary and party system institutions, Jović (1996) shows, on the base of the case study of a parliamentary crisis in 1994, that the parliamentary dynamics was determined much more by informal intra - and inter - party relationships as well as the charisma of the President than by the formal constitutional position of the parliament. However, the parliament succeeded in maintaining its relatively strong role in certain phases of policy decision making, particularly with regard to budgeting (Petak 2001), ecological policy (Perko 2001) and implementation of sets of laws concerning promotion of the social and political position of women (Leinert Novosel 2001). Yet, Ilišin (1999 ; 2001) has made a decisive starting step in the research on socio - demographic and partisan backgrounds of the Croatian parliamentary elite after 1990. In accomplishing that task she had first to detect the state and reliability of the official data sources. The practice showed that a huge problem exists already at that stage. Not only that the sources are in bad shape, but also the access to the official sources is often blocked or far from being easily reached. Secondly, after different sources are compared in order to assess a certain degree " of reliability, data collection, and processing is done at the individual level, with MPs as cases. In this way it is possible to follow development and changes for each individual MP since 1990. Finally, the research resulted in two articles: one based on the longitudinal analysis of the data for the period 1990 - 1999 (Ilišin 1999), and the other covering the new situation, after the 2000 elections (Ilišin 2001). In this sense, it is the only research in Croatia comparable to the DATACUBE set and suitable to the aims of the EUROELITE project in Central and Eastern Europe.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Politologija, Sociologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0100004

Ustanove:
Institut za društvena istraživanja , Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Vlasta Ilišin (autor)

Avatar Url Goran Čular (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Ilišin, Vlasta; Čular, Goran
The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia // The Making and Consolidation of Representative Elites after Authoritarian or Totalitarian Regimes: Central and Eastern Europe
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 2002. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, pregledni)
Ilišin, V. & Čular, G. (2002) The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia. U: The Making and Consolidation of Representative Elites after Authoritarian or Totalitarian Regimes: Central and Eastern Europe.
@article{article, year = {2002}, keywords = {parliamentary elite, Croatia}, title = {The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia}, keyword = {parliamentary elite, Croatia}, publisherplace = {Budimpe\v{s}ta, Ma\djarska} }
@article{article, year = {2002}, keywords = {parliamentary elite, Croatia}, title = {The state of research on parliamentary elite in Croatia}, keyword = {parliamentary elite, Croatia}, publisherplace = {Budimpe\v{s}ta, Ma\djarska} }




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