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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 124884

Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting


Medvedec, Mario; Dodig, Damir
Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting // 4th International Conference in Countries with Small and Medium Electricity Grids, Conference Proceedings / Knapp, Vladimir et al. (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Nuclear Society, 2002. str. 1-3 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


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Naslov
Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting

Autori
Medvedec, Mario ; Dodig, Damir

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
4th International Conference in Countries with Small and Medium Electricity Grids, Conference Proceedings / Knapp, Vladimir et al. - Zagreb : Croatian Nuclear Society, 2002, 1-3

Skup
4th International Conference on Nuclear Option in Countires with Small and Medium Electricity Grids

Mjesto i datum
Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 16-20.6.2002

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
internal contamination; whole-body counting; radioactive iodine
(unutarnja kotaminacija; mjerenje radioaktivnosti tijela; radioaktivni jod)

Sažetak
Internal contamination is one of the most important issues in general scenario of nuclear accident. The assessment of body burden and risk from internally deposited radionuclides usually relies on systems for in-vivo measurement of radioactivity (whole-body counters). Since the number and the throughput of available whole-body counters is small and may be the limiting factor, all applicable measuring systems (such as those in nuclear medicine departments) should be at disposal when larger number of individuals are contaminated. The BOMAB (Bottle Manikin Absorption) phantom homogeneously filled with radioactive source of barium-133 (Ba-133), caesium-137 and cobalt-60 was measured by four different counting systems: Canberra Accuscan whole-body counter with one NaI(Tl) detector, and uncollimated Siemens Diacam, Siemens Rota and Marconi Irix single, double and triple NaI(Tl) detector gamma cameras, respectively. During all measurements the distance between anterior detector and bed surface was the same, the acquisition geometry was horizontal scanning bed and the scan length was maximal. The results of intercomparison are given as gross count rates of single anterior detector for the main photopeak of Ba-133 (356 keV, window width 15%), which is a long-lived substitute for radioactive iodine-131 (I-131). In regard to the different detector sizes, measuring geometries and background radiation, relative count rates of single NaI(Tl) detectors of different gamma cameras were about 0.8-3.1 times the count rate of NaI(Tl) detector of a whole-body counter. This work presents very preliminary results of the intercomparison of different imaging systems (gamma camera) used as a counting systems (whole-body counter). Emergency use of gamma camera without a collimator is possible and justified, especially in case of wider-scale accidents with known contaminants, preferably emitting low- and mid-energy gamma radiation. However, great attention should be paid on calibration methodology, in order to substantially improve overall level of emergency preparedness.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0214202
0214203

Ustanove:
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Damir Dodig (autor)

Avatar Url Mario Medvedec (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Medvedec, Mario; Dodig, Damir
Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting // 4th International Conference in Countries with Small and Medium Electricity Grids, Conference Proceedings / Knapp, Vladimir et al. (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Nuclear Society, 2002. str. 1-3 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)
Medvedec, M. & Dodig, D. (2002) Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting. U: Knapp, V. (ur.)4th International Conference in Countries with Small and Medium Electricity Grids, Conference Proceedings.
@article{article, editor = {Knapp, V.}, year = {2002}, pages = {1-3}, keywords = {internal contamination, whole-body counting, radioactive iodine}, title = {Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting}, keyword = {internal contamination, whole-body counting, radioactive iodine}, publisher = {Croatian Nuclear Society}, publisherplace = {Dubrovnik, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, editor = {Knapp, V.}, year = {2002}, pages = {1-3}, keywords = {unutarnja kotaminacija, mjerenje radioaktivnosti tijela, radioaktivni jod}, title = {Use of uncollimated gamma camera for emergency whole-body counting}, keyword = {unutarnja kotaminacija, mjerenje radioaktivnosti tijela, radioaktivni jod}, publisher = {Croatian Nuclear Society}, publisherplace = {Dubrovnik, Hrvatska} }




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