Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 123443

Efficiency of Phenyl-Imidazolium and Quinuclidinium Oximes in Organophosphorus and Carbamates Intoxication


Radić, Božica; Lucić, Ana; Domijan, Ana-Marija; Peraica, Maja
Efficiency of Phenyl-Imidazolium and Quinuclidinium Oximes in Organophosphorus and Carbamates Intoxication // Toxicology Letters / Dekant, W (ur.).
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2002. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Efficiency of Phenyl-Imidazolium and Quinuclidinium Oximes in Organophosphorus and Carbamates Intoxication

Autori
Radić, Božica ; Lucić, Ana ; Domijan, Ana-Marija ; Peraica, Maja

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Toxicology Letters / Dekant, W - Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2002

Skup
Eurotox 2002

Mjesto i datum
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 15-18.09.2002

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Oksimi; organofosforni spojevi; karbamati
(Oximes; organophosphorus; carbamates)

Sažetak
Organophosphorus compounds (Ops) and carbamates are widely used as pesticides in agriculture, drugs in treatment of cholinergic disorders and chemical warfare agent. In this paper the efficiency of new compounds bis-phenyl-imidazolium (2B) and imidazolium-quinuclidinium oximes (BM-1) were tested on OPs and carbamates intoxicated mice in vivo, and on human erythrocytes acethylcholinesterase (AChE ; 3.1.1.7) in vitro. Oxime 2B strongly inhibits the AChE, and has good reactivation potency, while the oxime BM-1 weakly inhibits AChE and its in vitro activity against OPs and carbamates inhibited AChE is negligible. In in vivo experiment tested compounds were applied intraperitoneally at 1/4 of their respective LD50 dose together with atropine (10 mg/kg body weight) immediately after subcutaneous administration of OPs or carbamates. Both oximes were highly effective in the therapy of mice intoxicated with dichlorvos and propoxur, whereas BM-1 provided a 100% protection of mice against 4 x LD50 of soman, 3.2 x LD50 of tabun, and 20 x LD50 of RO 2-0683, respectively. The results indicate that in vivo efficiency of BM-1, and its ineffectivness in vitro must be attributed to mechanism not yet well defined. Very good in vivo action of tested oximes is especially interesting in the carbamate intoxication, because actually the drug of choice is atropine only.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022015

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb