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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1233129

Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jalžabet (NW Croatia)


Kovačević, Saša; Van Bos, Marina; Kralj, Marko; Petrović, Marin; Gamulin, Ozren; Škrabić, Marko; Radović, Siniša; Vanden Berghe, Ina
Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jalžabet (NW Croatia) // Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica (2022) (znanstveni, prihvaćen)


CROSBI ID: 1233129 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jalžabet (NW Croatia)

Autori
Kovačević, Saša ; Van Bos, Marina ; Kralj, Marko ; Petrović, Marin ; Gamulin, Ozren ; Škrabić, Marko ; Radović, Siniša ; Vanden Berghe, Ina

Vrsta, podvrsta
Radovi u časopisima, znanstveni

Izvornik
Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica (2022)

Status rada
Prihvaćen

Ključne riječi
arly Iron Age (EIA) ; Eastern Hallstatt culture ; Jalžabet-Bistričak ; NW Croatia ; Ha D1 phase ; princely burial mounds ; decorated bone or antler artifacts ; zooarchaeology ; colorants analysis ; SEM-EDX ; MRS ; FT-IR

Sažetak
During the Early Iron Age in Europe (EIA), the phenomenon of the Hallstatt culture enveloped a large portion of the European continent. Between the Atlantic Ocean and the Danube River, cultural groups can be roughly divided into two major regions: the Western and the Eastern Hallstatt circle. EIA finds made from organic material decorated with pigments are usually well-preserved only in specific conditions. A good example is the colored textile found in the salt mines of the eponymous site Hallstatt (AT). Other examples are Scythian finds north and east of the Black Sea, far outside the Hallstatt culture area. This paper presents the results of the analysis of decorated artifacts made from bone or antlers from Jalžabet (NW Croatia). The artifacts were found in two princely burial mounds with incinerated remains: burial mound 1 (Gomila) and burial mound 2. The funerary monuments belong to the Eastern Hallstatt culture and date back to the middle of the 6th century BC, i.e. the end of the Ha D1 period. A group of scientists from Croatia and abroad performed several series of analyses on the selected bone or antler artifacts. The motifs on the artifacts were made by incisions and were filled with black pigment, and there are faint traces of red pigment on the surface. With the help of colorant analysis performed in Brussels and Zagreb (SEM-EDX, MRS, FT-IR), zooarchaeological taxonomic identification, and archaeological determination of a selected group of finds from Jalžabet, we have tried to answer several major questions. The most important question being: are the traces of pigments on the artifacts deliberate decoration? If so, can we determine the composition of the paint? What kind of raw materials were used for the production of the artifacts? These questions are important because these kinds of EIA finds are rare and even more rarely analysed. New data would considerably expand our knowledge about the funeral rite of the most prominent members of the Hallstatt nobility in the Drava River valley and Central Europe. Taxonomically, the raw material from which the finds were made was identified to be antlers, probably from red deer (Cervus elaphus). Using methods for colorant analysis, we have successfully proven deliberate application of black paint based on carbon black as a pigment, probably in combination with terpenoid resin. Until now, this composition was known from much later, Roman-period finds. Also, it was confirmed that the black paint on the artifacts from both burial mounds in Jalžabet is of the same composition. The red pigment on the finds has been identified as hematite. It is highly probable that the red surfaces were deliberate, painted decoration. The probability of extracting raw material needed for the production of the red paint in the Jalžabet micro-region was also established and requires further research (bog iron ore). The archaeological analysis of the finds supported the idea of the use of various types of decorated plates as inlays, probably on furniture or other luxury everyday items. Smaller finds could have been used as utilitarian objects, parts of attire, and jewelry.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Interdisciplinarne biotehničke znanosti, Arheologija, Interdisciplinarne humanističke znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
UIP-2013-11-5327 - Pogrebni običaji i društvo kasnog brončanog doba na jugu Karpatske kotline (BAMPICa) (Ložnjak Dizdar, Daria, HRZZ - 2013-11) ( CroRIS)

Ustanove:
Institut za arheologiju, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Marko Škrabić (autor)

Avatar Url Marko Kralj (autor)

Avatar Url Siniša Radović (autor)

Avatar Url Marin Petrovic (autor)

Avatar Url Ozren Gamulin (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Kovačević, Saša; Van Bos, Marina; Kralj, Marko; Petrović, Marin; Gamulin, Ozren; Škrabić, Marko; Radović, Siniša; Vanden Berghe, Ina
Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jalžabet (NW Croatia) // Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica (2022) (znanstveni, prihvaćen)
Kovačević, S., Van Bos, M., Kralj, M., Petrović, M., Gamulin, O., Škrabić, M., Radović, S. & Vanden Berghe, I. (2022) Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jalžabet (NW Croatia). Prihvaćen za objavljivanje u Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica. [Preprint].
@unknown{unknown, author = {Kova\v{c}evi\'{c}, Sa\v{s}a and Van Bos, Marina and Kralj, Marko and Petrovi\'{c}, Marin and Gamulin, Ozren and \v{S}krabi\'{c}, Marko and Radovi\'{c}, Sini\v{s}a and Vanden Berghe, Ina}, year = {2022}, keywords = {arly Iron Age (EIA), Eastern Hallstatt culture, Jal\v{z}abet-Bistri\v{c}ak, NW Croatia, Ha D1 phase, princely burial mounds, decorated bone or antler artifacts, zooarchaeology, colorants analysis, SEM-EDX, MRS, FT-IR}, journal = {Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica}, title = {Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jal\v{z}abet (NW Croatia)}, keyword = {arly Iron Age (EIA), Eastern Hallstatt culture, Jal\v{z}abet-Bistri\v{c}ak, NW Croatia, Ha D1 phase, princely burial mounds, decorated bone or antler artifacts, zooarchaeology, colorants analysis, SEM-EDX, MRS, FT-IR} }
@unknown{unknown, author = {Kova\v{c}evi\'{c}, Sa\v{s}a and Van Bos, Marina and Kralj, Marko and Petrovi\'{c}, Marin and Gamulin, Ozren and \v{S}krabi\'{c}, Marko and Radovi\'{c}, Sini\v{s}a and Vanden Berghe, Ina}, year = {2022}, keywords = {arly Iron Age (EIA), Eastern Hallstatt culture, Jal\v{z}abet-Bistri\v{c}ak, NW Croatia, Ha D1 phase, princely burial mounds, decorated bone or antler artifacts, zooarchaeology, colorants analysis, SEM-EDX, MRS, FT-IR}, journal = {Interdisciplinaria Archaeologica}, title = {Analysis of pigments found on decorated antler or bone artifacts from the Early Iron Age princely burial mounds in Jal\v{z}abet (NW Croatia)}, keyword = {arly Iron Age (EIA), Eastern Hallstatt culture, Jal\v{z}abet-Bistri\v{c}ak, NW Croatia, Ha D1 phase, princely burial mounds, decorated bone or antler artifacts, zooarchaeology, colorants analysis, SEM-EDX, MRS, FT-IR} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus





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