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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 119909

Endothelin-secreting tumors and the idea of the pseudoectopic hormone secretion in tumors

Kurbel, Sven; Kurbel, Beatrica; Kovačić, Damir; Šulava, Darko; Krajina, Zdenko; Dmitrović, Branko; Šokčević, Marina
Endothelin-secreting tumors and the idea of the pseudoectopic hormone secretion in tumors // Medical hypotheses, 52 (1999), 4; 329-33 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Endothelin-secreting tumors and the idea of the pseudoectopic hormone secretion in tumors

Kurbel, Sven ; Kurbel, Beatrica ; Kovačić, Damir ; Šulava, Darko ; Krajina, Zdenko ; Dmitrović, Branko ; Šokčević, Marina

Medical hypotheses (0306-9877) 52 (1999), 4; 329-33

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Animal Breast Neoplasms/physiopathology/secretion Endothelin-1/*secretion Female Hormones/*secretion Human Kidney Neoplasms/physiopathology/secretion Male Models; Biological Neoplasms/*physiopathology/*secretion

Ectopic hormone secretion in tumor cells is here described as an amplification of hormone production already present in normal, nonendocrine tumor-originated tissue. This idea is tested on the available data regarding endothelin-1 (ET-1) secreting tumors. The endothelins are ubiquitous regulatory peptides produced by various tissues. The precursor cells of many tumor types secrete endothelins. ET-1 protein expression was detected in situ in all tested prostate cancers as well as in normal prostate tissue. The majority of hepatocellular carcinomas produce ET-1, while ET-1 is secreted by the normal hepatic stellate cells. Human breast cancer cells produce immunoreactive ET-1. Similar data exist for pancreatic tissue, the thyroid and large bowel. We can conclude that tumor cells might sustain endothelin secretions already present in the normal tumor-originated tissue. The model that is presented of the pseudoectopic hormone secretion consists of relations between a few parameters. The proportion of hormone-secreting tumors (Th) among all tumors (T) of that organ depends on the amount of the hormone-secreting cells (Ch) among all cells (C) susceptible to malignant transformation. The corrective factor (k) was introduced in the expression Th/T=Ch/C*k, to represent specific conditions altering the malignant transformation probability for a certain normal hormone-secreting cell. In prostate, breast and colon, the kvalue is predicted to be approximately 1, suggesting that ET-1-secreting normal cells are not more prone to the malignant transformation than their neighbours. In liver and pancreas, the incidence of ET-1-secreting tumors outnumbers the proportions of normal ET-1-secreting cells (k values >1). In these organs, normal ET-1-secreting cells seem more likely to turn malignant in comparison to their neighbours, perhaps due to their function, position and exposition to oncogenic factors, or even due to their ET-1 secretion. There are similar data for thyroid and adrenal glands. No ET-1 secretion was reported in kidney neoplasms. Normal renal ET-1 secreting cells might be less prone to turn malignant than other renal cells. Unlse the normal lung tissue, small cell lung cancers often secrete adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH). The pancreatic islet cells do not secrete gastrin, but their tumors often do. Constant k would exceed 1 in both cases. We speculate that these tumors might originate from a small subset of cells with the described feature. Tumor cells sometimes lack features of the normal tissue, as in the cases of the steroid receptor-negative breast cancer. These tumors might originate from the hypothetical subset of receptor-free breast cells. Benign breast epithelial cells lacking oestrogen receptors have been described in cases of megalomastia. These cells might be constituents of normal breasts or, perhaps, present only in cases of increased breast cancer risk.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

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