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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 119908

Minoxidil and male-pattern alopecia: a potential role for a local regulator of sebum secretion with vasoconstrictive effects?


Kurbel, Sven; Kurbel, Beatrica; Žanić-Matanić, Dubravka
Minoxidil and male-pattern alopecia: a potential role for a local regulator of sebum secretion with vasoconstrictive effects? // Medical hypotheses, 53 (1999), 5; 402-6 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Minoxidil and male-pattern alopecia: a potential role for a local regulator of sebum secretion with vasoconstrictive effects?

Autori
Kurbel, Sven ; Kurbel, Beatrica ; Žanić-Matanić, Dubravka

Izvornik
Medical hypotheses (0306-9877) 53 (1999), 5; 402-6

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Alopecia/blood/*drug therapy Endothelin-1/pharmacology Estrogens/blood Human Male Minoxidil/pharmacology/*therapeutic use Models; Theoretical Sebum/*secretion Testosterone/blood Vasoconstriction/drug effects Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology/*therapeutic use

Sažetak
Regulation of the hair cycle takes place at the pilo-sebaceous unit with the sebaceous gland as a sex hormone-dependent part. Although minoxidil stimulates proliferation of follicular cells and activation of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase-1, it was suggested that other mechanisms, such as an increase in the local blood flow, might mediate the drug effect on hair growth. If that is the case, it is possible that minoxidil counteracts some vasoconstrictive mediator of male-pattern alopecia. This hypothetical vasoconstrictive mediator X would have to meet some criteria: (I) vasoconstriction both in the general circulation and in the hair-growing skin ; (II) local vasoconstrictive activity in the hair growing skin should be related to the circulating testosterone level ; (III) only an increase in the local mediator X activity causes male-pattern alopecia, since hypertensive patients are not balder than expected. The sebaceous gland is a possible place of the mediator X secretion since it is a sex-hormone-dependent part of the pilo-sebaceous unit. ET-1 might be a suitable candidate for the mediator X, since male hormones raise ET-1 plasma levels and female hormones lower them. The speculation presented here is that ET-1, beside vasoconstriction in the general circulation, might also regulate the sebum secretion, by triggering contractions of the myoepithelial cells. This hypothetical mechanism would normally remain confined to the sebaceous gland. During puberty, sex hormones stimulate growth of sebaceous glands in both sexes. In women hypertrophied sebaceous glands under estrogen control would not increase its ET-1 content, while in men, testosterone would increase ET-1 secretion that might affect the neighboring arterioles. Induced vasoconstriction might reduce the hair growth and promote hair loss. If ET-1 plays the described role, then an ET-1 antagonist, i.e. bosentane, should also have some hair-growing properties.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kurbel, Sven; Kurbel, Beatrica; Žanić-Matanić, Dubravka
Minoxidil and male-pattern alopecia: a potential role for a local regulator of sebum secretion with vasoconstrictive effects? // Medical hypotheses, 53 (1999), 5; 402-6 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Kurbel, S., Kurbel, B. & Žanić-Matanić, D. (1999) Minoxidil and male-pattern alopecia: a potential role for a local regulator of sebum secretion with vasoconstrictive effects?. Medical hypotheses, 53 (5), 402-6.
@article{article, year = {1999}, pages = {402-6}, keywords = {Alopecia/blood/\astdrug therapy Endothelin-1/pharmacology Estrogens/blood Human Male Minoxidil/pharmacology/\asttherapeutic use Models, Theoretical Sebum/\astsecretion Testosterone/blood Vasoconstriction/drug effects Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology/\asttherapeutic use}, journal = {Medical hypotheses}, volume = {53}, number = {5}, issn = {0306-9877}, title = {Minoxidil and male-pattern alopecia: a potential role for a local regulator of sebum secretion with vasoconstrictive effects?}, keyword = {Alopecia/blood/\astdrug therapy Endothelin-1/pharmacology Estrogens/blood Human Male Minoxidil/pharmacology/\asttherapeutic use Models, Theoretical Sebum/\astsecretion Testosterone/blood Vasoconstriction/drug effects Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology/\asttherapeutic use} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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  • Excerpta Medica
  • Index Medicus





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