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Protein trafficking into chloroplasts - country roads or super highways


Fulgosi, Hrvoje; Maglica, Željka
Protein trafficking into chloroplasts - country roads or super highways // Periodicum biologorum, 105 (2003), 3; 221-228 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Protein trafficking into chloroplasts - country roads or super highways

Autori
Fulgosi, Hrvoje ; Maglica, Željka

Izvornik
Periodicum biologorum (0031-5362) 105 (2003), 3; 221-228

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
14-3-3 ; chloroplast ; protein import ; protein kinases ; Tic ; Toc ; transit sequence

Sažetak
Chloroplasts have evolved from once free living cyanobacteria. During the process of endosymbiosis, chloroplasts transfer the majority of their genes to the nucleus, leaving the genomes of contemporary plastids with only 5-10% as many genes as those of cyanobacteria. Upon completion of translation in the cytosol, the chloroplast destined proteins must be efficiently imported and further sorted. To ensure fidelity of targeting and efficient translocation, most proteins are synthesized with specific amino-terminal cleavable presequence. A hetero-oligomeric molecular complex dubbed the Toc (translocon at the outer envelope of chloroplasts) ensures the specific recognition of precursor proteins and permits their translocation across the outer envelope membrane. Toc works co-ordinately with its counterpart in the inner envelope, the Tic-complex (translocon at the inner envelope of chloroplasts), to jointly facilitate the passage of the polypeptides across both membranes. Once inside the chloroplast, the transit sequence is cleaved off by a stromal processing peptidase. Several lines of evidence suggest that protein translocation into chloroplasts is a highly regulated process involving redox sensors and protein kinases.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098073

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Biological Abstracts