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Cognitive functions improving in children with epilepsy switched from valproate to lamotrigine


Prpić, Igor; Vlašić-Cicvarić, Inge; Paučić-Kirinčić, Ela; Korotaj, Zrinka; Škarpa-Prpić, Ingrid
Cognitive functions improving in children with epilepsy switched from valproate to lamotrigine // Epilepsia / Fisher, Robert S. (ur.).
Oxford: Blackwell publishing, 2002. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Cognitive functions improving in children with epilepsy switched from valproate to lamotrigine

Autori
Prpić, Igor ; Vlašić-Cicvarić, Inge ; Paučić-Kirinčić, Ela ; Korotaj, Zrinka ; Škarpa-Prpić, Ingrid

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Epilepsia / Fisher, Robert S. - Oxford : Blackwell publishing, 2002

Skup
5th European Congress on Epileptology

Mjesto i datum
Madrid, Španjolska, 06.-10-10-2002,

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Epilepsy; treatment; cognitive function

Sažetak
Purpose: Anecdotal reports and rare studies in children revealed that lamotrigine (LTG) may have positive effects on cognitive functions. Therefore cognitive abilities in children with idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE) during treatment with valproate (VPA) and after they were switched to LTG were compared. Method: Fourteen children, 8 girls and 6 boys (M=13, 5 age ; SD 1.5) with newly diagnosed IGE (ILAE classification) were prospectively analysed. VPA was the first AED in all children but due to its side effects children were switched to LTG mono-therapy. Average duration of VPA treatment was 24, 2 months. Average duration of LTG treatment was 10, 3 months. All children were seizure free on both treatments. Psychological assessment was performed during the VPA treatment and at least 6 months after the initiation of LTG (test-retest). Intellectual and cognitive abilities were evaluated by Perceptual Intelligence Test &#8211 ; Raven (PIT), the Bender-Gestalt Test (BGT) and Wechsler Intelligence Scales for Children (WISC). The Kaufman factors: Verbal Comprehension (VC), Perceptual Organisation (PO) and Freedom from Distractibility (FD) were calculated and compared (t-test, 2-sided) for test &#8211 ; retest examination. VC and PO are comparable to the WISC verbal and performance IQ and FD is an additional scale and reflects attention, concentration, memory and the ability of processing and sequencing. Results: Mean Kaufman FD factor was 93, 6 (SD=16, 1) on children taking VPA and 102, 3 (SD=16, 4) on children taking LTG which was a statistically significant difference (p=0.0003). No significant differences were found when comparing scores on VC, PO, PIT and BGT. Conclusions: All children, after switching from VPA to LTG mono-therapy, improved in attention, concentration, memory and the ability of sequencing and processing. Our results revealed that LTG causes less impairment on specific cognitive functions in children with idiopathic generalised epilepsy. This data needs to be validated on a greater number of children as well as with different types of epilepsy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Prpić, Igor; Vlašić-Cicvarić, Inge; Paučić-Kirinčić, Ela; Korotaj, Zrinka; Škarpa-Prpić, Ingrid
Cognitive functions improving in children with epilepsy switched from valproate to lamotrigine // Epilepsia / Fisher, Robert S. (ur.).
Oxford: Blackwell publishing, 2002. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Prpić, I., Vlašić-Cicvarić, I., Paučić-Kirinčić, E., Korotaj, Z. & Škarpa-Prpić, I. (2002) Cognitive functions improving in children with epilepsy switched from valproate to lamotrigine. U: Fisher, R. (ur.)Epilepsia.
@article{article, editor = {Fisher, R.}, year = {2002}, pages = {P619}, keywords = {Epilepsy, treatment, cognitive function}, title = {Cognitive functions improving in children with epilepsy switched from valproate to lamotrigine}, keyword = {Epilepsy, treatment, cognitive function}, publisher = {Blackwell publishing}, publisherplace = {Madrid, \v{S}panjolska} }