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Površinsko aktivna svojstva organske tvari sjevernog Jadranskog mora


Gašparović, Blaženka; Ćosović, Božena
Površinsko aktivna svojstva organske tvari sjevernog Jadranskog mora // Course on Climate Variability studies in the Ocean "Tracing and Modelling the Ocean Variability"
Trst, Italija, 2003. (predavanje, nije recenziran, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Površinsko aktivna svojstva organske tvari sjevernog Jadranskog mora
(Surface-active properties of organic matter in the North Adriatic Sea)

Autori
Gašparović, Blaženka ; Ćosović, Božena

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni

Skup
Course on Climate Variability studies in the Ocean "Tracing and Modelling the Ocean Variability"

Mjesto i datum
Trst, Italija, 16. - 27. lipnja 2003

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
organska tvar; kiselost; površinski aktivne tvari; sjeverni Jadran; elektrokemijska proba
(organic matter; acidic properties; surface active substances; Northern Adriatic; electrochemical probe Sea)

Sažetak
Characterization of surface-active organic substances has been performed in the North Adriatic Sea, in surface and bottom layer, during the year 2000. Surface-active substances (SAS), their hydrophobicity and acidity, were estimated with alternating current voltammetry (in-phase mode) using o-nitrophenol as an electrochemical probe. Depending on hydrophobicity and acidity of present SAS electrochemical characteristics of the o-nitrophenol probe are changing in a specific way. Normalization of the change of prepeak height as an indication of organic matter acidity to shift of peak potential as a measure of hydrophobicity give indication of relative acidity of present SAS. Experiment with model substances showed that humic and fulvic acids contribute the highest to the relative acidity, while biogenic surface-active organic substances as proteins, polysaccharides and lipids contribute lower to the relative acidity. Surface water layer is characterized with higher phytoplankton excretion during whole year concluded from higher contribution of biogenic organic substances to surfactant activity. Humic-type substances dominate in surfactant activity in the bottom layer. Proteinaceous material is found in a heterodispersed fraction during supposed phytoplankton blooms that were in March, July, September and even December, in the Northern Adriatic, connected to unexpectedly high temperatures. Surfactant activity of particulate fraction was found to be mainly less than 10 %. Exceptions were obtained in the April and October when surfactant activity of particulate fraction contributed up to 55 and 20 %, respectively.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098122

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Gašparović, Blaženka; Ćosović, Božena
Površinsko aktivna svojstva organske tvari sjevernog Jadranskog mora // Course on Climate Variability studies in the Ocean "Tracing and Modelling the Ocean Variability"
Trst, Italija, 2003. (predavanje, nije recenziran, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)
Gašparović, B. & Ćosović, B. (2003) Površinsko aktivna svojstva organske tvari sjevernog Jadranskog mora. U: Course on Climate Variability studies in the Ocean "Tracing and Modelling the Ocean Variability".
@article{article, year = {2003}, keywords = {organic matter, acidic properties, surface active substances, Northern Adriatic, electrochemical probe Sea}, title = {Surface-active properties of organic matter in the North Adriatic Sea}, keyword = {organic matter, acidic properties, surface active substances, Northern Adriatic, electrochemical probe Sea}, publisherplace = {Trst, Italija} }