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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1146619

Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment


Bilandžija, Helena
Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment // 45th FEBS Congress Abstracts
on line, 2021. EB­04­1, 1 (pozvano predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 1146619 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment

Autori
Bilandžija, Helena

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
45th FEBS Congress Abstracts / - , 2021

Skup
45th FEBS Congress

Mjesto i datum
On line, 03.-08.07.2021

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
phenotypic plasticity, cavefish, cave colonization

Sažetak
A widely accepted model for the evolution of cave dwelling animals posits cave colonization by a surface ancestor followed by the acquisition of adaptations over many generations until a fully cave­adapted form is achieved. However, the speed of adaptive evolution in some species is difficult to reconcile with this conventional viewpoint, suggesting the importance of alternative mechanisms that operate over a shorter timescale. To obtain insight into these mechanisms, we used Astyanax mexicanus, a single teleost species consisting of two morphs, an ancestral surface­dwelling morph (surface fish) and a derived cave­dwelling morph (cavefish). We exposed Astyanax surface fish (SF) to completely dark (D/D) conditions as embryos and compared them to siblings placed on a normal photoperiod (L/D SF). We identified a number of traits that change in D/D SF raised for several months to couple of years in complete darkness compared to L/D SF, including endocrine, stress­ related, weight­related, and metabolic changes, as well as a change in the expression of approximately 350 genes. Remarkably, most of these changes are associated with known adaptations to the cave environment and alter in the direction of the cavefish phenotype. Our results indicate that appearance of many cave­associated traits can occur within a single generation by phenotypic plasticity. By comparing gene expression in D/D SF, which were raised in darkness beginning a few hours after fertilization, with L/D SF, we determined that all of the molecular mechanisms known to facilitate phenotypic plasticity, including upregulation of HSP90, endocrine modifications, and epigenetic changes, may be involved in this process in Astyanax. The results suggest that phenotypic plasticity followed by genetic assimilation may be an important mechanism for the rapid evolution of cave­related traits during the colonization of A. mexicanus to dark cave environment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
HRZZ-TTP-2018-07-9675 - Evolucija u tami (Evodark) (Bilandžija, Helena, HRZZ - 2018-07) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Helena Bilandžija (autor)

Poveznice na cjeloviti tekst rada:

2021.febscongress.org

Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Bilandžija, Helena
Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment // 45th FEBS Congress Abstracts
on line, 2021. EB­04­1, 1 (pozvano predavanje, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)
Bilandžija, H. (2021) Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment. U: 45th FEBS Congress Abstracts.
@article{article, author = {Biland\v{z}ija, H.}, year = {2021}, pages = {1}, chapter = {EB\-04\-1}, keywords = {phenotypic plasticity, cavefish, cave colonization}, title = {Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment}, keyword = {phenotypic plasticity, cavefish, cave colonization}, publisherplace = {on line}, chapternumber = {EB\-04\-1} }
@article{article, author = {Biland\v{z}ija, H.}, year = {2021}, pages = {1}, chapter = {EB\-04\-1}, keywords = {phenotypic plasticity, cavefish, cave colonization}, title = {Mechanisms of rapid adaptation to changed environment}, keyword = {phenotypic plasticity, cavefish, cave colonization}, publisherplace = {on line}, chapternumber = {EB\-04\-1} }




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