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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1143032

Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Potočani, Croatia


Janković, Ivor; Balen, Jacqueline; Potrebica, Hrvoje; Ahern, James C.M.; Novak, Mario
Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Potočani, Croatia // American journal of physical anthropology, 176 (2021), 1-12 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 1143032 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Potočani, Croatia

Autori
Janković, Ivor ; Balen, Jacqueline ; Potrebica, Hrvoje ; Ahern, James C.M. ; Novak, Mario

Izvornik
American journal of physical anthropology (0002-9483) 176 (2021); 1-12

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
cranial trauma, Eneolithic, indiscriminate killing, perimortem injuries, southeastern Europe

Sažetak
Objectives: To provide a comprehensive analysis of perimortem cranial injuries foundon human remains from the Eneolithic (ca. 4200 BCE) mass grave discovered at Potočani, Croatia, to test if the assemblage is a result of a deliberate violent episode on a massive scale. Materials and Methods: Standard bioarchaeological analysis, including inventory of the preserved elements, minimum number of individuals, sex determination, age at death, as well as pattern and distribution of trauma, was recorded. Results: A minimum of 41 people are present in the sample. Both sexes and almost all age groups are represented, with a prevalence of children and young adults. Four blunt force antemortem injuries are registered in three adult males and one subadult while perimortem injuries are recorded on 13 crania with a total of 28 injuries. The distribution of perimortem injuries is not patterned with age, sex, or siding, and their location is on lateral, posterior, or superior parts of the crania. No “defensive wounds” or other type of injuries are observed on postcranial elements. Discussion: The injuries, manner of disposal of the bodies, radiocarbon dates, and other available data strongly suggest that the Potočani sample represents a single episode of execution during which the Potočani people were unable to defend them-selves. The Potočani massacre is the oldest such example in southeastern Europe and provides additional evidence that indiscriminate violence on a massive scale is not a product of modern societies.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
IP-2016-06-1450 - Rekonstrukcija prapovijesnog (od neolitika do brončanog doba) načina života na području Hrvatske – multidisciplinarni pristup (PASTLIVES) (Novak, Mario, HRZZ - 2016-06) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut za antropologiju,
Arheološki muzej u Zagrebu

Profili:

Avatar Url Mario Novak (autor)

Avatar Url Hrvoje Potrebica (autor)

Avatar Url Ivor Janković (autor)

Avatar Url Jacqueline Balen (autor)

Poveznice na cjeloviti tekst rada:

onlinelibrary.wiley.com

Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Janković, Ivor; Balen, Jacqueline; Potrebica, Hrvoje; Ahern, James C.M.; Novak, Mario
Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Potočani, Croatia // American journal of physical anthropology, 176 (2021), 1-12 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Janković, I., Balen, J., Potrebica, H., Ahern, J. & Novak, M. (2021) Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Potočani, Croatia. American journal of physical anthropology, 176, 1-12.
@article{article, author = {Jankovi\'{c}, Ivor and Balen, Jacqueline and Potrebica, Hrvoje and Ahern, James C.M. and Novak, Mario}, year = {2021}, pages = {1-12}, keywords = {cranial trauma, Eneolithic, indiscriminate killing, perimortem injuries, southeastern Europe}, journal = {American journal of physical anthropology}, volume = {176}, issn = {0002-9483}, title = {Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Poto\v{c}ani, Croatia}, keyword = {cranial trauma, Eneolithic, indiscriminate killing, perimortem injuries, southeastern Europe} }
@article{article, author = {Jankovi\'{c}, Ivor and Balen, Jacqueline and Potrebica, Hrvoje and Ahern, James C.M. and Novak, Mario}, year = {2021}, pages = {1-12}, keywords = {cranial trauma, Eneolithic, indiscriminate killing, perimortem injuries, southeastern Europe}, journal = {American journal of physical anthropology}, volume = {176}, issn = {0002-9483}, title = {Mass violence in Copper Age Europe: The massacre burial site from Poto\v{c}ani, Croatia}, keyword = {cranial trauma, Eneolithic, indiscriminate killing, perimortem injuries, southeastern Europe} }




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