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Leukocyte Lysosomal Enzymes in Alzheimer's Disease and Down's Syndrome


Kalanj-Bognar, Svjetlana; Rundek, Tanja; Furač, Ivana; Ćosović, Čedomir; Demarin, Vida
Leukocyte Lysosomal Enzymes in Alzheimer's Disease and Down's Syndrome // Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences, 57A (2002), 1; B16-B21 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Leukocyte Lysosomal Enzymes in Alzheimer's Disease and Down's Syndrome

Autori
Kalanj-Bognar, Svjetlana ; Rundek, Tanja ; Furač, Ivana ; Ćosović, Čedomir ; Demarin, Vida

Izvornik
Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences (1079-5006) 57A (2002), 1; B16-B21

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Lysosomal enzymes; Alzheimer's disease; Down's syndrome; aging

Sažetak
Previous studies suggested the possibility of accelerated lysosomal degradation of brain gangliosides in Alzheimer's disease (AD). As AD pathology affects both neural and non-neural tissues, the aim of this study was to determine possible changes of glycosphingolipid metabolism in available peripheral cells in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Down's syndrome (DS). The activities of several lysosomal enzymes involved in catabolism of gangliosides and sulfatides were measured in leukocytes from subjects with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT), Down's syndrome and age-matched controls, by fluorimetry and spectrophotometry using specific substrates. The results showed statistically significant increase of beta-galactosidase activity in both DAT and DS leukocytes when compared with age-matched controls (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively, Student t-test). Not significantly increased activities of beta-galactosidase, beta-hexosaminidase, beta-hexosaminidase A, and slightly decreased activity of arylsulfatase A were observed in control leukocytes with aging. Our results indicate that a metabolic dysfunction and the acceleration of at least some lysosomal catabolic pathways are present in AD and DS non-neural cells.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0108120

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE