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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1104803

A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations


Jiao, Wei; Atwal, Gurnit; Polak, Paz; Karlic, Rosa; Cuppen, Edwin; Danyi, Alexandra; de Ridder, Jeoren; van Herpen, Carla; Lolkema, Martijm; Steeghs, Neeltje et al.
A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations // ISMB/ECCB 2019
Basel, Švicarska, 2019. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 1104803 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations

Autori
Jiao, Wei ; Atwal, Gurnit ; Polak, Paz ; Karlic, Rosa ; Cuppen, Edwin ; Danyi, Alexandra ; de Ridder, Jeoren ; van Herpen, Carla ; Lolkema, Martijm ; Steeghs, Neeltje ; Getz, Gad ; Morris, Quaid ; Stein, Lincoln

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni

Skup
ISMB/ECCB 2019

Mjesto i datum
Basel, Švicarska, 21.-25.07.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Cancer genomics ; Machine learning

Sažetak
In cancer, the primary tumour's organ of origin and histopathology are the strongest determinants of its clinical behaviour, but in 3% of new cancer diagnoses, a cancer patient presents with a metastatic tumour and no obvious primary. Challenges also arise when distinguishing a metastatic recurrence of a previously treated cancer from the emergence of a new one. Here we train a deep learning classifier to predict cancer type based on patterns of somatic passenger mutations detected in whole genome sequencing (WGS) of 2606 tumours representing 24 common cancer types. Our classifier achieves an accuracy of 91% on held-out tumor samples from this set.On primary and metastatic samples from an independent cohort, it achieves accuracies of 87% and 85%, respectively. This is double the accuracy of pathologists who were presented with a metastatic tumour without knowledge of the primary. Surprisingly, adding information about driver mutations reduced classifier accuracy. Our results have immediate clinical applicability, underscoring how patterns of somatic passenger mutations encode the state of the cell of origin, and can inform future strategies to detect the source of cell-free circulating tumour DNA.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
HRZZ-IP-2014-09-6400 - Istraživanje razvoja, diferencijacije i evolucije životinja kroz genomiku bazalnih metazoa (BAMGEN) (Vlahoviček, Kristian, HRZZ - 2014-09) ( POIROT)
EK-KF-KK.01.1.1.01.009 - Napredne metode i tehnologije u znanosti o podatcima i kooperativnim sustavima (DATACROSS) (Lončarić, Sven; Ivan, Petrović, EK - KK.01.1.1.01) ( POIROT)
EK-KF-KK.01.1.1.01.0010 - ZCI za personaliziranu brigu o zdravlju (ZCIPersonHealth) (Secenji, Aleksandar, EK ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Rosa Karlić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Jiao, Wei; Atwal, Gurnit; Polak, Paz; Karlic, Rosa; Cuppen, Edwin; Danyi, Alexandra; de Ridder, Jeoren; van Herpen, Carla; Lolkema, Martijm; Steeghs, Neeltje et al.
A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations // ISMB/ECCB 2019
Basel, Švicarska, 2019. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)
Jiao, W., Atwal, G., Polak, P., Karlic, R., Cuppen, E., Danyi, A., de Ridder, J., van Herpen, C., Lolkema, M. & Steeghs, N. (2019) A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations. U: ISMB/ECCB 2019.
@article{article, year = {2019}, keywords = {Cancer genomics, Machine learning}, title = {A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations}, keyword = {Cancer genomics, Machine learning}, publisherplace = {Basel, \v{S}vicarska} }
@article{article, year = {2019}, keywords = {Cancer genomics, Machine learning}, title = {A deep learning system can accurately classify primary and metastatic cancers based on patterns of passenger mutations}, keyword = {Cancer genomics, Machine learning}, publisherplace = {Basel, \v{S}vicarska} }




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