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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 110090

Primjena biomarkera u procjeni izloženosti fizikalnim i kemijskim agensima iz radnog okoliša


Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera; Kopjar, Nevenka; Želježić, Davor
Primjena biomarkera u procjeni izloženosti fizikalnim i kemijskim agensima iz radnog okoliša // 3. hrvatski kongres medicine rada s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem : zbornik / Mustejbegović, J. ; Valić, F. (ur.).
Zagreb, 2002. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Primjena biomarkera u procjeni izloženosti fizikalnim i kemijskim agensima iz radnog okoliša
(Application of biomarkers in the assessment of the occupational exposure to physical and chemical agents)

Autori
Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera ; Kopjar, Nevenka ; Želježić, Davor

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
3. hrvatski kongres medicine rada s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem : zbornik / Mustejbegović, J. ; Valić, F. - Zagreb, 2002

Skup
3. hrvatski kongres medicine rada s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem

Mjesto i datum
Brijuni, Hrvatska, 18-22.09.2002

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Occupational exposure; pesticides; aneoplastic drugs; ionizing radiation; microvawe radiation; comet assay; chromosomal aberrations; sister chromatid exchange; micronuclei

Sažetak
AIM: Occupational physical and chemical mutagens cause different DNA damages in the cell genome. Continous monitoring of the exposure, effect and susceptibility biomarkers enable us to evaluate the levels of genotoxic stress and to determine the interindividual variations in DNA damage and repair levels. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cytogentic biomonitoring was conducted on the populations occupationally exposed to ionising and nonionising radiation as well as to chemical mutagens (antineoplastic drugs and pesticides). The sensitiveness of standard cytogenetic biomarkers (analysis of structural chromosome aberrations, analysis of sister chromatid exchanges) was investigated and compared with the comet assay, a sensitive technique frequently applied in biomonitoring, especially in accidental cases. RESULTS: By use of all techniques employed, it was observed that the values of biomarkers, indicated the primary and overall cytogenetic damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes, in exposed subjects were significantly higher compared to the general population. The comet test was also confirmed as a sensitive biomarker for the detection of primary genotoxic effects of physical and chemical mutagens on the cell genome. CONCLUSION: The results obtained enable the assessment of the overall as well as the individual genetic risk originated from occupational exposure to physical and chemical mutagens from the work area. They also indicate the necessity for the evaluation of different cytogenetic parameters, as a significant control and prevention measure in biomonitoring of occupationally exposed populations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022020

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb