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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1091679

How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study


(Study of Personality Architecture and Dynamics (SPeADy), Department of Psychology, University of Bremen ; Genetics of Sexuality and Aggression (GSA) Project, Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University ; Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit ; TwinsUK, , Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London) Kandler, Christian; Bratko, Denis; Butković, Ana; Vukasović Hlupić, Tena; Tybur, Joshua M; Wesseldijk, Laura W; de Vries, Reinout E; Jern, Patrick; Lewis, Gary J
How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study // Journal of personality and social psychology, 121 (2021), 5; 1079-1094 doi:10.1037/pspp0000366 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 1091679 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study

Autori
Kandler, Christian ; Bratko, Denis ; Butković, Ana ; Vukasović Hlupić, Tena ; Tybur, Joshua M ; Wesseldijk, Laura W ; de Vries, Reinout E ; Jern, Patrick ; Lewis, Gary J

Kolaboracija
Study of Personality Architecture and Dynamics (SPeADy), Department of Psychology, University of Bremen ; Genetics of Sexuality and Aggression (GSA) Project, Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University ; Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit ; TwinsUK, , Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London

Izvornik
Journal of personality and social psychology (0022-3514) 121 (2021), 5; 1079-1094

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
HEXACO personality traits, life experiences, cross-national twin study, life span, heritability

Sažetak
Decades of research have shown that about half of individual differences in personality traits is heritable. Recent studies have reported that heritability is not fixed, but instead decreases across the life span. However, findings are inconsistent and it is yet unclear whether these trends are because of a waning importance of heritable tendencies, attributable to cumulative experiential influences with age, or because of nonlinear patterns suggesting Gene Environment interplay. We combined four twin samples (N 7, 026) from Croatia, Finland, Germany, and the United Kingdom, and we examined age trends in genetic and environmental variance in the six HEXACO personality traits: Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness. The cross- national sample ranges in age from 14 to 90 years, allowing analyses of linear and nonlinear age differences in genetic and environmental components of trait variance, after controlling for gender and national differences. The amount of genetic variance in Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Openness followed a reversed U-shaped pattern across age, showed a declining trend for Honesty Humility and Conscientiousness, and was stable for Emotionality. For most traits, findings provided evidence for an increasing relative importance of life experiences contributing to personality differences across the life span. The findings are discussed against the background of Gene Environment transactions and interactions.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove:
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Denis Bratko (autor)

Avatar Url Tena Vukasović (autor)

Avatar Url Ana Butković (autor)

Poveznice na cjeloviti tekst rada:

doi pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

(Study of Personality Architecture and Dynamics (SPeADy), Department of Psychology, University of Bremen ; Genetics of Sexuality and Aggression (GSA) Project, Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University ; Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit ; TwinsUK, , Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London) Kandler, Christian; Bratko, Denis; Butković, Ana; Vukasović Hlupić, Tena; Tybur, Joshua M; Wesseldijk, Laura W; de Vries, Reinout E; Jern, Patrick; Lewis, Gary J
How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study // Journal of personality and social psychology, 121 (2021), 5; 1079-1094 doi:10.1037/pspp0000366 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
(Study of Personality Architecture and Dynamics (SPeADy), Department of Psychology, University of Bremen ; Genetics of Sexuality and Aggression (GSA) Project, Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University ; Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit ; TwinsUK, , Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London) (Study of Personality Architecture and Dynamics (SPeADy), Department of Psychology, University of Bremen, Genetics of Sexuality and Aggression (GSA) Project, Department of Psychology, Abo Akademi University, Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, V., TwinsUK, , Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway University of London) Kandler, Christian, Bratko, D., Butković, A., Vukasović Hlupić, T., Tybur, J., Wesseldijk, L., de Vries, R., Jern, P. & Lewis, G. (2021) How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study. Journal of personality and social psychology, 121 (5), 1079-1094 doi:10.1037/pspp0000366.
@article{article, author = {Kandler, Christian and Bratko, Denis and Butkovi\'{c}, Ana and Vukasovi\'{c} Hlupi\'{c}, Tena and Tybur, Joshua M and Wesseldijk, Laura W and de Vries, Reinout E and Jern, Patrick and Lewis, Gary J}, year = {2021}, pages = {1079-1094}, DOI = {10.1037/pspp0000366}, keywords = {HEXACO personality traits, life experiences, cross-national twin study, life span, heritability}, journal = {Journal of personality and social psychology}, doi = {10.1037/pspp0000366}, volume = {121}, number = {5}, issn = {0022-3514}, title = {How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study}, keyword = {HEXACO personality traits, life experiences, cross-national twin study, life span, heritability} }
@article{article, author = {Kandler, Christian and Bratko, Denis and Butkovi\'{c}, Ana and Vukasovi\'{c} Hlupi\'{c}, Tena and Tybur, Joshua M and Wesseldijk, Laura W and de Vries, Reinout E and Jern, Patrick and Lewis, Gary J}, year = {2021}, pages = {1079-1094}, DOI = {10.1037/pspp0000366}, keywords = {HEXACO personality traits, life experiences, cross-national twin study, life span, heritability}, journal = {Journal of personality and social psychology}, doi = {10.1037/pspp0000366}, volume = {121}, number = {5}, issn = {0022-3514}, title = {How genetic and environmental variance in personality traits shift across the life span: evidence from a cross-national twin study}, keyword = {HEXACO personality traits, life experiences, cross-national twin study, life span, heritability} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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  • PsychINFO


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