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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1085735

Could angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 I/D polymorphism be a modificator of COVID-19 response in different populations, diseases, and/or conditions?


Dević Pavlić, Sanja; Nadalin, Sergej; Starčević Čizmarević, Nada; Buretić-Tomljanović, Alena; Radojčić Badovinac, Anđelka; Ristić, Smiljana
Could angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 I/D polymorphism be a modificator of COVID-19 response in different populations, diseases, and/or conditions? // Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, 21 (2020), 3; 3, 2 (međunarodna recenzija, pismo uredniku, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 1085735 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Could angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 I/D polymorphism be a modificator of COVID-19 response in different populations, diseases, and/or conditions?

Autori
Dević Pavlić, Sanja ; Nadalin, Sergej ; Starčević Čizmarević, Nada ; Buretić-Tomljanović, Alena ; Radojčić Badovinac, Anđelka ; Ristić, Smiljana

Izvornik
Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (1470-3203) 21 (2020), 3; 3, 2

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pismo uredniku, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 ; COVID-19 pandemic ; Lung cancer ; Multiple sclerosis ; Schizophrenia

Sažetak
Dear Editor, Several articles recently discussed the potential relevance of the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) gene to COVID-19 infection.1–4 Their data raise the possibility that the ACE1 D allele might be a protective factor in the spread and outcome of COVID-19 in various European, North-African, and Middle Eastern populations.1–3 However, data presented in the meta-analysis investigating the frequency of ACE1 D allele distribution in various European countries revealed that the frequency of that allele was the highest in the countries most severely affected by COVID-19 infection, such as Spain, Italy, and UK.5 Specifically, the frequency of ACE1 D allele in Spanish, Italian, and UK general population was estimated at 63%, 58%, and 53%, respectively, while the total number of cases and deaths per million to date were 6328 and 606 for Spain, 3975 and 575 for Italy, and 4584 and 642 for UK.6 Those data suggest that higher frequency of the ACE1 D allele might be rather risk than protective factor in COVID-19 infection. Importantly, higher frequencies of ACE1 D allele in general Spanish, Italian, and UK populations are also accompanied by higher frequencies among the elderly individuals, who are at the same time the most vulnerable to COVID-19 infection.5 In line with this, the relatively low frequency of the ACE1 D allele, estimated at 49%, observed in the general Croatian population5 might explain the rather favorable epidemiological situation in Croatia related to COVID-19 infection. Specifically, since the February 25 outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Croatia, the total number of cases per million to date is 656, while total number of deaths per million is 26, suggesting that Croatia has been rather successful in overcoming COVID-19.6 In the past 15 years, our study groups have been investigating the possible relevance of the ACE1 I/D polymorphism in various diseases and/or conditions in the Croatian population. Most of our studies suggest that the ACE1 D allele as well as the ACE1 D/D genotype may be risk factors in multiple sclerosis, 7, 8 schizophrenia, 9 and lung cancer.10 Importantly, we have also found that the risk effects of the ACE1 D allele and ACE1 D/D genotype were in general more prominent among male patients with multiple sclerosis7, 8 and schizophrenia.9 Indeed, COVID-19 infection has previously been associated with sex, 11 and a recent article discussing the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (encoded by the ACE2 gene), which has been known to cooperate with ACE1 in the renin–angiotensin system, hypothesizes that sex differences in COVID-19 severity may be related to the ACE1 and ACE2 genes.4 The aim of this communication is to emphasize theneed for further investigation of the relevance of ACE1 I/D polymorphism in COVID-19 infection in different populations. Studies on the potential role of ACE1 I/D polymorphism in COVID-19 infection among individuals with different diseases and/or conditions are also warranted. Finally, it would be interesting to address the effect of ACE1 I/D polymorphism on COVID-19 infection based on age and sex as a confounders.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Biotehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Sveučilište u Rijeci - Odjel za biotehnologiju

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Dević Pavlić, Sanja; Nadalin, Sergej; Starčević Čizmarević, Nada; Buretić-Tomljanović, Alena; Radojčić Badovinac, Anđelka; Ristić, Smiljana
Could angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 I/D polymorphism be a modificator of COVID-19 response in different populations, diseases, and/or conditions? // Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, 21 (2020), 3; 3, 2 (međunarodna recenzija, pismo uredniku, znanstveni)
Dević Pavlić, S., Nadalin, S., Starčević Čizmarević, N., Buretić-Tomljanović, A., Radojčić Badovinac, A. & Ristić, S. (2020) Could angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 I/D polymorphism be a modificator of COVID-19 response in different populations, diseases, and/or conditions?. Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, 21 (3), 3, 2.
@article{article, year = {2020}, pages = {2}, chapter = {3}, keywords = {Angiotensin-converting enzyme 1, COVID-19 pandemic, Lung cancer, Multiple sclerosis, Schizophrenia}, journal = {Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system}, volume = {21}, number = {3}, issn = {1470-3203}, title = {Could angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 I/D polymorphism be a modificator of COVID-19 response in different populations, diseases, and/or conditions?}, keyword = {Angiotensin-converting enzyme 1, COVID-19 pandemic, Lung cancer, Multiple sclerosis, Schizophrenia}, chapternumber = {3} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE





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