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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1060412

Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA)


Vinković, Andrija; Obhođaš, Jasmina; Sudac, Davorin; Nađ, Karlo; Valković, Vladivoj
Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA) // Journal of soils and sediments, 2019 (2019), xx, 8 doi:10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA)
(Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA))

Autori
Vinković, Andrija ; Obhođaš, Jasmina ; Sudac, Davorin ; Nađ, Karlo ; Valković, Vladivoj

Izvornik
Journal of soils and sediments (1439-0108) 2019 (2019); Xx, 8

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
FNAA, Loss-on-Ignition, Sediment, The Black Sea

Sažetak
Purpose: Measurement of carbon in cores of undisturbed sediments may provide valuable information on historical trends in sea primary production and carbonate precipitation which can be related to climate changes. Since core sediments are usually subjected to a different analysis, it is important to preserve the sample. Anon-destructive technique for carbon measurement in sedimentsbased on Fast Neutron Activation Analysis (FNAA) has been developed, which might replace the Loss-on-Ignition (LOI) as a conventional method for carbon analysis. Materials and methods: Method was tested on sediment samples collected from the Western Black Sea at depths up to 22 m. A surface sample and a corecut in centimeter intervals were freeze-dried. Samples weighing between 60 and 300 g were irradiated with the portable neutron generator. Gamma rays from 12C(n, n'γ)12C nuclear reaction were collected between 2000 and 4000 s by LaBr3:Ce detector. Standards for direct comparison and construction of the calibration line were prepared as mixtures of different amounts of quartz sand and graphite powder. FNAA results for total carbon (TC) were verified by LOIat 1000°C.LOIat 450°C and treatment with 1 M HCl were used to separate inorganic carbon (IC) and organic carbon(OC), respectively, followed by the FNAA measurements. Results and discussion: Climate effects on physical and biological marine processes are evident as historical changes in carbon flux to sediments. Carbon in sediments is found in the form of the OC produced byphotosynthetic organisms and as IC produced by calcifying organismsand precipitated as calcite. The FNAA is usually applied to samples weighing more than 1 kg. The method was optimized to reduce the minimum weight of the sample to 60 g, after subsequent adaptation of the set-up geometry.Carbon content measured in cores and surface sediment was between 2.8 and 6.1 wt%. OC constituted up to 84% of TC measured in the core.FNAA measurements were in good agreement with LOI analysis. Conclusions: The results have shown that FNAA can be used for the non-destructive determination of carbon in sediments in samples weighing ≥ 60g.FNAA is non-destructive, robust and fast in comparison to conventional methods for carbon determination such as LOI.The disadvantage is a relatively high MDL of 1%.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Vinković, Andrija; Obhođaš, Jasmina; Sudac, Davorin; Nađ, Karlo; Valković, Vladivoj
Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA) // Journal of soils and sediments, 2019 (2019), xx, 8 doi:10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Vinković, A., Obhođaš, J., Sudac, D., Nađ, K. & Valković, V. (2019) Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA). Journal of soils and sediments, 2019, xx, 8 doi:10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {8}, DOI = {10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2}, chapter = {xx}, keywords = {FNAA, Loss-on-Ignition, Sediment, The Black Sea}, journal = {Journal of soils and sediments}, doi = {10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2}, volume = {2019}, issn = {1439-0108}, title = {Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA)}, keyword = {FNAA, Loss-on-Ignition, Sediment, The Black Sea}, chapternumber = {xx} }
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {8}, DOI = {10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2}, chapter = {xx}, keywords = {FNAA, Loss-on-Ignition, Sediment, The Black Sea}, journal = {Journal of soils and sediments}, doi = {10.1007/s11368-019-02485-2}, volume = {2019}, issn = {1439-0108}, title = {Analysis of carbon in sediments using fast neutron activation analysis (FNAA)}, keyword = {FNAA, Loss-on-Ignition, Sediment, The Black Sea}, chapternumber = {xx} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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