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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1053002

Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B


Maršavelski, Aleksandra; Vianello, Robert
Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B // ECS3 Book of Abstracts / Popović, Jasminka ; Višnjevac, Aleksandar (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Association of Crystallographers, 2016. str. 7-7 (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B

Autori
Maršavelski, Aleksandra ; Vianello, Robert

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
ECS3 Book of Abstracts / Popović, Jasminka ; Višnjevac, Aleksandar - Zagreb : Croatian Association of Crystallographers, 2016, 7-7

Skup
3rd European Crystallography School (ECS3)

Mjesto i datum
Bol, Hrvatska, 25.09-02.10.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
QM ; MAO B ; MD dynamics

Sažetak
Histamine plays an important role in the human body and is involved in more than twenty different physiological processes. Due to histamine potent physiological activity, its degradation has to be carefully regulated to avoid adverse reactions. The major routes of histamine inactivation in mammals include monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) and diamine oxidase (DAO) enzymes. The fact that MAO B metabolizes only N-methylhistamine while DAO prefers histamine1-2, pinpoints their remarkable selectivity towards two compounds that differ only in one methyl group. The mechanism of enzyme catalysis and specificity are usually elucidated from the differences in mechanistic aspects of enzymatic reactions for each possible substrate, which provide unambiguous quantitative information about the thermodynamics and the kinetics of reaction pathways. Unfortunately, mechanistic studies are not always experimentally approachable. Therefore, we utilized a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, MM-PBSA binding free energy calculations and quantum mechanical cluster approach to address substrate specificity and mechanism of MAO B catalysis. We have identified favourable hydrophobic interactions between methyl group of the N-methylhistamine substrate and the hydrophobic side chains of the enzyme binding site that keep substrate anchored and properly oriented for the enzymatic reaction. Since histamine is deprived of methyl group it cannot be properly anchored and rotates within the active site, which results in non-productive orientation for the reaction. Quantum-chemical mechanistic analysis within the cluster model of the enzyme revealed higher activation parameters for histamine relative to its N-methyl counterpart, thus aiding in rationalizing the mentioned selectivity. Inspection of the calculated free-energy profiles (Figure 1.) convincingly shows that MAO B selectivity for the N-methylhistamine over histamine is a result of two synergistic effects: lower activation barrier and more favourable reaction thermodynamics. Moreover, reaction pathway obtained from QM calculations is consistent with recently proposed hydride mechanism of MAO B mechanism of catalysis3-4.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Maršavelski, Aleksandra; Vianello, Robert
Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B // ECS3 Book of Abstracts / Popović, Jasminka ; Višnjevac, Aleksandar (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Association of Crystallographers, 2016. str. 7-7 (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)
Maršavelski, A. & Vianello, R. (2016) Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B. U: Popović, J. & Višnjevac, A. (ur.)ECS3 Book of Abstracts.
@article{article, year = {2016}, pages = {7-7}, keywords = {QM, MAO B, MD dynamics}, title = {Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B}, keyword = {QM, MAO B, MD dynamics}, publisher = {Croatian Association of Crystallographers}, publisherplace = {Bol, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, year = {2016}, pages = {7-7}, keywords = {QM, MAO B, MD dynamics}, title = {Computational study of the substrate specificity of monoamine oxidase B}, keyword = {QM, MAO B, MD dynamics}, publisher = {Croatian Association of Crystallographers}, publisherplace = {Bol, Hrvatska} }




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