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The complex of MCMV proteins and MHC class I evades NK cell control and drives the evolution of virus-specific activating Ly49 receptors


Zeleznjak, Jelena; Lisnic, Vanda Juranic; Popovic, Branka; Lisnic, Berislav; Babic, Marina; Halenius, Anne; L'Hernault, Anne; Rovis, Tihana Lenac; Hengel, Hartmut; Erhard, Florian et al.
The complex of MCMV proteins and MHC class I evades NK cell control and drives the evolution of virus-specific activating Ly49 receptors // The Journal of experimental medicine, 216 (2019), 8; 1809-1827 doi:10.1084/jem.20182213 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The complex of MCMV proteins and MHC class I evades NK cell control and drives the evolution of virus-specific activating Ly49 receptors

Autori
Zeleznjak, Jelena ; Lisnic, Vanda Juranic ; Popovic, Branka ; Lisnic, Berislav ; Babic, Marina ; Halenius, Anne ; L'Hernault, Anne ; Rovis, Tihana Lenac ; Hengel, Hartmut ; Erhard, Florian ; Redwood, Alec J. ; Vidal, Silvia M. ; Doelken, Lars ; Krmpotic, Astrid ; Jonjic, Stipan

Izvornik
The Journal of experimental medicine (0022-1007) 216 (2019), 8; 1809-1827

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Infectious disease and host defense, Innate immunity and inflammation

Sažetak
CMVs efficiently target MHC I molecules to avoid recognition by cytotoxic T cells. However, the lack of MHC I on the cell surface renders the infected cell susceptible to NK cell killing upon missing self recognition. To counter this, mouse CMV (MCMV) rescues some MHC I molecules to engage inhibitory Ly49 receptors. Here we identify a new viral protein, MATp1, that is essential for MHC I surface rescue. Rescued altered-self MHC I molecules show increased affinity to inhibitory Ly49 receptors, resulting in inhibition of NK cells despite substantially reduced MHC I surface levels. This enables the virus to evade recognition by licensed NK cells. During evolution, this novel viral immune evasion mechanism could have prompted the development of activating NK cell receptors that are specific for MATp1-modified altered-self MHC I molecules. Our study solves a long-standing conundrum of how MCMV avoids recognition by NK cells, unravels a fundamental new viral immune evasion mechanism, and demonstrates how this forced the evolution of virus-specific activating MHC I-restricted Ly49 receptors.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Zeleznjak, Jelena; Lisnic, Vanda Juranic; Popovic, Branka; Lisnic, Berislav; Babic, Marina; Halenius, Anne; L'Hernault, Anne; Rovis, Tihana Lenac; Hengel, Hartmut; Erhard, Florian et al.
The complex of MCMV proteins and MHC class I evades NK cell control and drives the evolution of virus-specific activating Ly49 receptors // The Journal of experimental medicine, 216 (2019), 8; 1809-1827 doi:10.1084/jem.20182213 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Zeleznjak, J., Lisnic, V., Popovic, B., Lisnic, B., Babic, M., Halenius, A., L'Hernault, A., Rovis, T., Hengel, H. & Erhard, F. (2019) The complex of MCMV proteins and MHC class I evades NK cell control and drives the evolution of virus-specific activating Ly49 receptors. The Journal of experimental medicine, 216 (8), 1809-1827 doi:10.1084/jem.20182213.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {1809-1827}, DOI = {10.1084/jem.20182213}, keywords = {Infectious disease and host defense, Innate immunity and inflammation}, journal = {The Journal of experimental medicine}, doi = {10.1084/jem.20182213}, volume = {216}, number = {8}, issn = {0022-1007}, title = {The complex of MCMV proteins and MHC class I evades NK cell control and drives the evolution of virus-specific activating Ly49 receptors}, keyword = {Infectious disease and host defense, Innate immunity and inflammation} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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