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BioGD: Bio-inspired robust gradient descent


Kulikovskikh, Ilona; Prokhorov, Sergej; Lipić, Tomislav; Legović, Tarzan; Šmuc, Tomislav
BioGD: Bio-inspired robust gradient descent // PLoS One, 14 (2019), 7; e0219004, 19 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219004 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
BioGD: Bio-inspired robust gradient descent

Autori
Kulikovskikh, Ilona ; Prokhorov, Sergej ; Lipić, Tomislav ; Legović, Tarzan ; Šmuc, Tomislav

Izvornik
PLoS One (1932-6203) 14 (2019), 7; E0219004, 19

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
robust machine learning ; gradient descent ; gradient regularization ; Verhulst model

Sažetak
Recent research in machine learning pointed to the core problem of state-of-the-art models which impedes their widespread adoption in different domains. The models’ inability to differentiate between noise and subtle, yet significant variation in data leads to their vulnerability to adversarial perturbations that cause wrong predictions with high confidence. The study is aimed at identifying whether the algorithms inspired by biological evolution may achieve better results in cases where brittle robustness properties are highly sensitive to the slight noise. To answer this question, we introduce the new robust gradient descent inspired by the stability and adaptability of biological systems to unknown and changing environments. The proposed optimization technique involves an open-ended adaptation process with regard to two hyperparameters inherited from the generalized Verhulst population growth equation. The hyperparameters increase robustness to adversarial noise by penalizing the degree to which hardly visible changes in gradients impact prediction. The empirical evidence on synthetic and experimental datasets confirmed the viability of the bio-inspired gradient descent and suggested promising directions for future research. The code used for computational experiments is provided in a repository at https://github.com/yukinoi/bio_gradient_descent.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
KK.01.1.1.01.0009 - Napredne metode i tehnologije u znanosti o podatcima i kooperativnim sustavima (Sven Lončarić, EK)

Profili:

Avatar Url Tarzan Legović (autor)

Avatar Url Tomislav Lipić (autor)

Avatar Url Tomislav Šmuc (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kulikovskikh, Ilona; Prokhorov, Sergej; Lipić, Tomislav; Legović, Tarzan; Šmuc, Tomislav
BioGD: Bio-inspired robust gradient descent // PLoS One, 14 (2019), 7; e0219004, 19 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219004 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Kulikovskikh, I., Prokhorov, S., Lipić, T., Legović, T. & Šmuc, T. (2019) BioGD: Bio-inspired robust gradient descent. PLoS One, 14 (7), e0219004, 19 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219004.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {19}, DOI = {10.1371/journal.pone.0219004}, chapter = {e0219004}, keywords = {robust machine learning, gradient descent, gradient regularization, Verhulst model}, journal = {PLoS One}, doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0219004}, volume = {14}, number = {7}, issn = {1932-6203}, title = {BioGD: Bio-inspired robust gradient descent}, keyword = {robust machine learning, gradient descent, gradient regularization, Verhulst model}, chapternumber = {e0219004} }

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