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Re-evaluating “old” archaeological bones by using modern techniques: an example of a Middle Neolithic skeleton from Smilčić, Croatia


Novak, Mario; Janković, Ivor; McClure, Sarah; Čondić, Natalija
Re-evaluating “old” archaeological bones by using modern techniques: an example of a Middle Neolithic skeleton from Smilčić, Croatia // IIIrd Conference of the ‘Török Aurélʼ Anthropological Association. Programme and Abstracts Book.
Targu Mures, Rumunjska, 2019. str. 24-24 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Re-evaluating “old” archaeological bones by using modern techniques: an example of a Middle Neolithic skeleton from Smilčić, Croatia

Autori
Novak, Mario ; Janković, Ivor ; McClure, Sarah ; Čondić, Natalija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
IIIrd Conference of the ‘Török Aurélʼ Anthropological Association. Programme and Abstracts Book. / - , 2019, 24-24

Skup
IIIrd Conference of the ‘Török Aurélʼ Anthropological Association

Mjesto i datum
Targu Mures, Rumunjska, 11.-13.10.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Early Neolithic ; Croatia ; human skeleton

Sažetak
The human skeleton in question was excavated over 50 years ago at the Early/Middle Neolithic site at Smilčić - Barice, near Zadar in southern Croatia. After the excavation the skeleton was transported in one block to the Archaeological Museum in Zadar where it stayed almost forgotten for over half a century. We wanted to re-evaluate these “old” bones by using modern techniques, but also to show that even such “forgotten” cases can be scientifically valued to the fullest extent. The presented study consists of radiocarbon dating, preliminary bioarchaeological analysis, ancient DNA analysis as well as nitrogen and carbon stable isotopes analysis. The skeleton was directly dated to 5210-5026 cal BCE, i.e. to Danilo Middle Neolithic culture. The study showed that the skeleton belongs to a middle-aged male, around 40 years of age, who suffered from several pathological changes, most probably associated with advanced age (vertebral osteophytosis and Achilles tendon ossification). The individual was relatively robust with a height of about 165 cm. Archaeogenetic analysis confirmed that this is a male individual - his mitochondrial DNA belongs to haplogroup T2g2 while his Y-DNA belongs to haplogroup G2a2a. Stable isotopes analysis suggests that his diet was mostly based on C3 terrestrial products with a very low intake of animal proteins and/or sea fish. This study showed the importance of re- evaluation of “old” archaeological bones with modern techniques and the amount of new data we can gain by using such an approach.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2016-06-1450 - Rekonstrukcija prapovijesnog (od neolitika do brončanog doba) načina života na području Hrvatske – multidisciplinarni pristup (Mario Novak, )

Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Profili:

Avatar Url Ivor Janković (autor)

Avatar Url Mario Novak (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Novak, Mario; Janković, Ivor; McClure, Sarah; Čondić, Natalija
Re-evaluating “old” archaeological bones by using modern techniques: an example of a Middle Neolithic skeleton from Smilčić, Croatia // IIIrd Conference of the ‘Török Aurélʼ Anthropological Association. Programme and Abstracts Book.
Targu Mures, Rumunjska, 2019. str. 24-24 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Novak, M., Janković, I., McClure, S. & Čondić, N. (2019) Re-evaluating “old” archaeological bones by using modern techniques: an example of a Middle Neolithic skeleton from Smilčić, Croatia. U: IIIrd Conference of the ‘Török Aurélʼ Anthropological Association. Programme and Abstracts Book..
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {24-24}, keywords = {Early Neolithic, Croatia, human skeleton}, title = {Re-evaluating “old” archaeological bones by using modern techniques: an example of a Middle Neolithic skeleton from Smil\v{c}i\'{c}, Croatia}, keyword = {Early Neolithic, Croatia, human skeleton}, publisherplace = {Targu Mures, Rumunjska} }