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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 104057

Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe


Obadić, Alka
Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe // International Conference - An Entreprise Odysses: Economics and Business in the New Millennium 2002 / Sharma Soumitra (ur.).
Zagreb: Ekonomski fakultet - Zagreb, 2002. str. 383-395 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


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Naslov
Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe

Autori
Obadić, Alka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
International Conference - An Entreprise Odysses: Economics and Business in the New Millennium 2002 / Sharma Soumitra - Zagreb : Ekonomski fakultet - Zagreb, 2002, 383-395

Skup
International Conference - An Entreprise Odysses: Economics and Business in the New Millennium 2002

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Republika Hrvatska, 27-29.06.2002

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
unemployment; restructuring; state sector; and active labour market policies

Sažetak
As transition process has started in Eastern Europe and in Russia, it was clear that unemployment would emerge and that the job losses were likely to be large. It has been widely accepted that unemployment was a necessary result of the resource reallocation that would occur as former state-owned enterprises privatised, restructured, and shed labour. The earlier regime of full employment was unsustainable. How large that unemployment amount would be, and for how long it would persist was and to some extent remains, an unknown. Therefore the main purposes of this paper are examining the phenomenon and providing framework about changes to employment in the countries that are undergoing substantial transition. The analysis would compare employment in state firms in Eastern Europe and Russia. State firms in almost all countries reduced employment and sought to rationalize production. Because of a restructuring and impressive growth of the private sector in most of the countries, many of those who have lost their former state sector jobs are either unemployed or have left the labour force. Most new employment has been generated by private firms engaged in trade and services, for which the skills acquired in the state-owned sector are not appropriate. Therefore, contrary to some expectations, private sector growth has only partially offset the decline in state employment. As a result, a long-term unemployment has emerged as a major phenomenon. For workers who find themselves unemployed, the chances of getting back into paid employment are low. The share of long-term unemployment already exceeds 40 percent of the current unemployed. Today, some of the most pressing issues facing the economies in transition revolve around slowing the growth of unemployment and bringing the long-term jobless back into the active labour force. The evident challenge is to try and raise the exit rate to jobs and to avoid undesirable duration effects. Reintegrating a larger share of the long-term unemployed in work is similarly a major policy challenge in the East. The main conclusion is that the steps to a more efficient allocation of labour resources in the transitional economies and to a well-functioning labour market depend very powerfully on a sound macroeconomic policy. Resolving of that complex problem could be found in the use of active labour market programs, such as training and other skill-forming programs, and the selective use of marginal wage subsidies targeted at the long-run unemployed that hold more promise than simply providing unemployment benefits or social assistance.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Ekonomija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
067101

Ustanove:
Ekonomski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Alka Obadić (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Obadić, Alka
Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe // International Conference - An Entreprise Odysses: Economics and Business in the New Millennium 2002 / Sharma Soumitra (ur.).
Zagreb: Ekonomski fakultet - Zagreb, 2002. str. 383-395 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)
Obadić, A. (2002) Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe. U: Sharma Soumitra (ur.)International Conference - An Entreprise Odysses: Economics and Business in the New Millennium 2002.
@article{article, author = {Obadi\'{c}, A.}, year = {2002}, pages = {383-395}, keywords = {unemployment, restructuring, state sector, and active labour market policies}, title = {Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe}, keyword = {unemployment, restructuring, state sector, and active labour market policies}, publisher = {Ekonomski fakultet - Zagreb}, publisherplace = {Zagreb, Republika Hrvatska} }
@article{article, author = {Obadi\'{c}, A.}, year = {2002}, pages = {383-395}, keywords = {unemployment, restructuring, state sector, and active labour market policies}, title = {Comparative analysis of unemployment and restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe}, keyword = {unemployment, restructuring, state sector, and active labour market policies}, publisher = {Ekonomski fakultet - Zagreb}, publisherplace = {Zagreb, Republika Hrvatska} }




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