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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1040382

Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia


Fernandes, Daniel; Sirak, Kendra; Cheronet, Olivia; Howcroft, Rachel; Čavka, Mislav; Los, Dženi; Burmaz, Josip; Pinhasi, Ron; Novak, Mario
Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia // Programme of the International Conference "Attila's Europe?": Structural Transformations and Strategies of Success in the European Hun Period, Budapest, 6-8 June 2019.
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 2019. str. 19-19 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia

Autori
Fernandes, Daniel ; Sirak, Kendra ; Cheronet, Olivia ; Howcroft, Rachel ; Čavka, Mislav ; Los, Dženi ; Burmaz, Josip ; Pinhasi, Ron ; Novak, Mario

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Programme of the International Conference "Attila's Europe?": Structural Transformations and Strategies of Success in the European Hun Period, Budapest, 6-8 June 2019. / - , 2019, 19-19

Skup
International Conference "Attila's Europe?": Structural Transformations and Strategies of Success in the European Hun Period.

Mjesto i datum
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 6.-8.6.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Migration Period ; Osijek ; cranial deformation ; aDNA

Sažetak
Three individuals dating to the Great Migration Period (5th century CE) were discovered in a pit at the Hermanov vinograd site in Osijek, Croatia. We were inspired to study these individuals based on their unusual burial context as well as the identification of two different types of artificial cranial deformation in two of the individuals. We combine bioarchaeological analysis with radiographic imaging, stable isotopes analysis, and ancient DNA to analyze their molecular sex and genetic affinities in the context of the archaeological data and their bioarchaeological attributes. All three individuals were adolescent males with skeletal evidence of severe malnutrition and similar diets, which nonetheless had major differences in their genetic ancestry. Results of the genetic analyses of the nuclear ancient DNA data for these individuals and extensive genomic dataset of Early Medieval and modern-day Eurasians indicate that the individual without artificial cranial deformation shows broadly West Eurasian associated-ancestry, the individual with tabular oblique-type was of East Asian ancestry and the third individual with circular erect-type was of Near Eastern associated- ancestry. Based on these results, we speculate that artificial cranial deformation type may have been a visual indicator membership in a specific cultural group, and that these groups were interacting intimately on the Pannonian Plain during this period.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju,
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Mario Novak (autor)

Avatar Url Mislav Čavka (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Fernandes, Daniel; Sirak, Kendra; Cheronet, Olivia; Howcroft, Rachel; Čavka, Mislav; Los, Dženi; Burmaz, Josip; Pinhasi, Ron; Novak, Mario
Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia // Programme of the International Conference "Attila's Europe?": Structural Transformations and Strategies of Success in the European Hun Period, Budapest, 6-8 June 2019.
Budimpešta, Mađarska, 2019. str. 19-19 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Fernandes, D., Sirak, K., Cheronet, O., Howcroft, R., Čavka, M., Los, D., Burmaz, J., Pinhasi, R. & Novak, M. (2019) Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia. U: Programme of the International Conference "Attila's Europe?": Structural Transformations and Strategies of Success in the European Hun Period, Budapest, 6-8 June 2019..
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {19-19}, keywords = {Migration Period, Osijek, cranial deformation, aDNA}, title = {Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia}, keyword = {Migration Period, Osijek, cranial deformation, aDNA}, publisherplace = {Budimpe\v{s}ta, Ma\djarska} }