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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1033833

Changes in language abilities, attention and processing speed in patients with first-episode psychosis after 18-month follow-up


Bošnjak Kuharić, Dina; Makarić, Porin; Kekin, Ivana; Sabo, Tamara; Bajić, Žarko; Savić, Aleksandar; Silić, Ante; Ostojić, Draženka; Brečić, Petrana; Jukić, Vlado; Rojnić Kuzman, Martina
Changes in language abilities, attention and processing speed in patients with first-episode psychosis after 18-month follow-up // European Psychiatry / Fiorillo, Andrea (ur.).
Varšava: Elsevier, 2019. str. S348-S348 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Changes in language abilities, attention and processing speed in patients with first-episode psychosis after 18-month follow-up

Autori
Bošnjak Kuharić, Dina ; Makarić, Porin ; Kekin, Ivana ; Sabo, Tamara ; Bajić, Žarko ; Savić, Aleksandar ; Silić, Ante ; Ostojić, Draženka ; Brečić, Petrana ; Jukić, Vlado ; Rojnić Kuzman, Martina

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
European Psychiatry / Fiorillo, Andrea - Varšava : Elsevier, 2019, S348-S348

Skup
27th European Congress of Psychiatry

Mjesto i datum
Varšava, Poljska, 06-09.03.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
first-episode psychosis ; schizophrenia ; cognitive functioning ; laguage abilities ; follow-up

Sažetak
Introduction: According to previous literature, language abilities, attention and processing speed are often emphasized as the most impaired among different domains of neurocognitive functioning in schizophrenia. Our aim was to investigate the course of changes in these neurocognitive functions in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) during an 18-month follow-up. Methods: This study is a part of the prospective cohort study: “Biomarkers in schizophrenia-integration of complementary methods in longitudinal follow up of FEP”. We recruited 159 FEP at the acute phase of illness during their first hospital treatment at two Croatian psychiatric clinics. Patients were assessed with sociodemographic questionnaire, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and neurocognitive tests for language abilities (Phonetic and Semantic Fluency Test), attention and processing speed (Stroop Test, Trial Making Test A, Digit Symbol Test) at two time points: during the first-episode of illness and after 18 months of follow-up. Results: As 30 patients (19%) were lost to follow-up, we analyzed 129 patients. Relative improvement rates in particular tests for attention and processing speed ranged from 11% to 19%, and for language abilities were 7% for Phonetic and 8% for Semantic Fluency test. Results were statistically significant for all tests and subtests besides Phonetic Fluency (p=0.311). Conclusions: Although there was a slight improvement in language abilities after 18-months follow-up, it seems that impairment of these abilities needs more time to recover or that it remains relatively stable trait during the course of illness.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinika za psihijatriju Vrapče,
KBC "Sestre Milosrdnice",
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Bošnjak Kuharić, Dina; Makarić, Porin; Kekin, Ivana; Sabo, Tamara; Bajić, Žarko; Savić, Aleksandar; Silić, Ante; Ostojić, Draženka; Brečić, Petrana; Jukić, Vlado; Rojnić Kuzman, Martina
Changes in language abilities, attention and processing speed in patients with first-episode psychosis after 18-month follow-up // European Psychiatry / Fiorillo, Andrea (ur.).
Varšava: Elsevier, 2019. str. S348-S348 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Bošnjak Kuharić, D., Makarić, P., Kekin, I., Sabo, T., Bajić, Ž., Savić, A., Silić, A., Ostojić, D., Brečić, P., Jukić, V. & Rojnić Kuzman, M. (2019) Changes in language abilities, attention and processing speed in patients with first-episode psychosis after 18-month follow-up. U: Fiorillo, A. (ur.)European Psychiatry.
@article{article, editor = {Fiorillo, A.}, year = {2019}, pages = {S348-S348}, keywords = {first-episode psychosis, schizophrenia, cognitive functioning, laguage abilities, follow-up}, title = {Changes in language abilities, attention and processing speed in patients with first-episode psychosis after 18-month follow-up}, keyword = {first-episode psychosis, schizophrenia, cognitive functioning, laguage abilities, follow-up}, publisher = {Elsevier}, publisherplace = {Var\v{s}ava, Poljska} }