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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1033517

Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay


Niseteo, Tena; Hojsak, Iva; Kolaček Sanja
Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay // Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh), 1 (2019), 1-4 doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, ostalo)


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Naslov
Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay

Autori
Niseteo, Tena ; Hojsak, Iva ; Kolaček Sanja

Izvornik
Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh) (0261-5614) 1 (2019); 1-4

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, ostalo

Ključne riječi
LOS ; Malnutrition ; Nosocomial infection ; Paediatric patients

Sažetak
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A positive correlation between malnutrition and length of hospital stay has been shown previously. However, the impact of malnutrition on an incidence of nosocomial infections and their effect on the duration of hospitalization has not been established among paediatric patients in developed countries. We investigated the correlation between malnutrition, nosocomial infections and LOS in hospitalized children in our University Children's Hospital. METHODS: We conducted prospective longitudinal cohort study during the period of 1 year. Nutritional status (body weight and length/height, body mass index) was measured on hospital admission and the existence and type of nosocomial infections were monitored and evaluated during hospital stay of all recruited children. RESULTS: 367 paediatric patients were included into the study (girls 184, 50.1% ; mean age 7.3 years (IQR: 1 month - 18 years). On hospital admission overall 47 patients (12.8%) were malnourished ; moderate malnutrition (BMI -2 to -3 SDS) was present in 8.7% patients, severe malnutrition (BMI <-3 SDS) in 4.1%, and 29 (7.9%) patients were stunted ((body length) BL/(body height) BH < -2 SDS). Altogether 21 children (5.7%) experienced nosocomial infection. Malnourished patients acquired nosocomial infections significantly more often in comparison to well- nourished patients (11/47 (23.4%) vs. 11/318 (3.5%), respectively ; p < 0.001). The LOS was significantly longer in children who were malnourished (12.3 vs. 7.3 days, respectively ; p = 0.004), and by an identical number of days, the hospitalization was prolonged also in children who developed nosocomial infection (12.3 vs. 7.3 days, respectively ; p = 0.004). Binary logistic regression showed that odds of acquiring nosocomial infections were 5 times higher (RR 5.1 (95% CI 2.276-11.485)) in children who were malnourished, and the risk increased with prolonged hospital stay. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition is an important risk factor for developing nosocomial infection, and they both independently increase LOS. However, what is the cause and what is the consequence in the vicious circle of malnutrition, nosocomial infection and LOS remains questionable. Nevertheless, the timely addressed malnutrition could prevent longer hospital stay and higher incidence of nosocomial infection.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Nutricionizam



POVEZANOST RADA


Profili:

Avatar Url Iva Hojsak (autor)

Avatar Url Tena Niseteo (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Niseteo, Tena; Hojsak, Iva; Kolaček Sanja
Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay // Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh), 1 (2019), 1-4 doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, ostalo)
Niseteo, T., Hojsak, I. & Kolaček Sanja (2019) Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh), 1, 1-4 doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {1-4}, DOI = {10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022}, keywords = {LOS, Malnutrition, Nosocomial infection, Paediatric patients}, journal = {Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh)}, doi = {10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022}, volume = {1}, issn = {0261-5614}, title = {Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay}, keyword = {LOS, Malnutrition, Nosocomial infection, Paediatric patients} }
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {1-4}, DOI = {10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022}, keywords = {LOS, Malnutrition, Nosocomial infection, Paediatric patients}, journal = {Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh)}, doi = {10.1016/j.clnu.2019.06.022}, volume = {1}, issn = {0261-5614}, title = {Malnourished children acquire nosocomial infections more often and have significantly increased length of hospital stay}, keyword = {LOS, Malnutrition, Nosocomial infection, Paediatric patients} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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