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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1029614

Escherichia coli spheroplasts in a Croatian patient misclassified by two urine sediment analysers as erythrocytes: case report


Nikler, Ana; Radišić Biljak, Vanja; Čičak, Helena; Marić, Nikolina; Bejuk, Danijela; Poloni, Jose Antonio Tesser; Simundic, Ana- Maria
Escherichia coli spheroplasts in a Croatian patient misclassified by two urine sediment analysers as erythrocytes: case report // Biochemia Medica, 29 (2019), 3; 030801, 5 doi:10.11613/bm.2019.030801 (međunarodna recenzija, prikaz, stručni)


Naslov
Escherichia coli spheroplasts in a Croatian patient misclassified by two urine sediment analysers as erythrocytes: case report

Autori
Nikler, Ana ; Radišić Biljak, Vanja ; Čičak, Helena ; Marić, Nikolina ; Bejuk, Danijela ; Poloni, Jose Antonio Tesser ; Simundic, Ana- Maria

Izvornik
Biochemia Medica (1330-0962) 29 (2019), 3; 030801, 5

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, prikaz, stručni

Ključne riječi
Spheroplasts ; bacterial forms ; urinalysis ; misclassification

Sažetak
Abstract Introduction It has already been reported that subinhibitory concentrations of β- lactam antibiotics can cause abnormal changes of bacterial forms, such as spheroplasts. Herein we report a case of Croatian male patient with Escherichia coli spheroplasts present in urine after treatment with tazobactam, on the tenth day of hospitalization. The aim of this report is to emphasize the inability of imaging based automated urine analysers to recognize some relatively uncommon forms of bacterial presentation in urine sediment. Materials and methods During routine urine analysis, unusual particles were observed in patient urine. Urine sediment was examined by two urine analysers: Atellica 1500 (Siemens, Germany) and Iris iQ200 (Beckman Coulter, USA). Additionally, urine was sent for culture testing to Microbiology department. Results Both urine analysers didn’t indicate presence of bacteria in urine sediment. Unusual particles observed on the tenth day were classified as erythrocytes by both instruments. Dipstick test showed blood trace and microscopic analysis revealed bacteria in urine. Urine culture was positive for Escherichia coli. Careful examination of urine sediment has confirmed that shapes present in urine were abnormal bacterial forms called spheroplasts. Conclusions Imaging based automated urine analysers are not able to recognize bacterial spheroplasts in urine sediment misclassifying it as erythrocytes. Microscopic examination remains the gold standard for urines with blood trace or negative blood, in which erythrocytes are reported by urine analyser in urine sediment. Failure to identify and follow up such cases may lead to inaccurate treatment decisions and puts patient safety at risk.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinička bolnica "Sveti Duh"

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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