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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1026402

Is Dysfunctional Movement Related to Overweight in Urban Adolescents?


Josip Karuc, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković, Maroje sorić
Is Dysfunctional Movement Related to Overweight in Urban Adolescents? // 24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
Prag, Češka, 2019. str. 574-574 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Is Dysfunctional Movement Related to Overweight in Urban Adolescents?

Autori
Josip Karuc, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković, Maroje sorić

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Skup
24th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science

Mjesto i datum
Prag, Češka, 3-6.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Obesity, movement patterns, quality of movement pattern

Sažetak
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine differences in functional movement (FM) between normal weight (NW) and overweight (OW) children in a representative sample of urban adolescents. METHODS: This research is a part of the CRO PALS study which is a longitudinal study conducted in a representative sample of urban youth in Zagreb (Croatia) between 2014 and 2017. Analyses for this study are based on 697 adolescents from the CRO PALS cohort with data on FM (age:16-17 years). In order to assess FM, participants performed a standardized Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) test protocol. In each test FMS scores of 3 and 2 were categorized as FM, and the score of 1 was categorized as a dysfunctional movement (DFM). Body mass (kg) and height (m) were measured, body mass index (BMI) was calculated and subjects were classified as normal weight or overweight according to IOTF cut- offs. One-way ANOVA was employed to determine the differences between NW and OW children in total FMS score, while differences between the groups in individual FMS tests were examined by chi-square test. RESULTS: The prevalence of DFM ranged from 20% to 62%, depending on the individual tests. OW children exhibited lower total FMS score than NW children (11.8 vs. 12.7, respectively ; F=14.85, p<0.001) and the proportion of DFM was significantly higher in OW than in NW children for the majority of the individual FMS tests: deep squat (48% vs 35%, p=0.005), in line lunge (35% vs 25%, p=0.03), shoulder mobility (52% vs 33%, p<0.001), push-up (70% vs 60%, p=0.003) and rotary stability (56% vs 46%, p=0.04). Conversely, for hurdle step (OW=48%, NW= 44%, p=0.49) and active straight leg raise (OW=18%, NW=20%, p=0.67) the prevalence of DFM was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: OW children exhibited lower total FMS scores compared to NW children. Also, OW children showed a higher prevalence of DFM in tests that challenge motor control and strength of lower extremities (deep squat and in line lunge), postural control of the trunk muscles (push-up and rotary stability) and upper-extremity flexibility (shoulder mobility). Dysfunctional movement patterns along with the low total FMS score put OW children under higher risk for injury occurrence of the body regions that are involved in these movements patterns (e.g. shoulder, lumbar spine). Therefore, exercise interventions related to correcting dysfunctional movement patterns in OW children are necessary to optimize movement efficiency and to reduce the risk of injury incidence.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kineziologija, Interdisciplinarne društvene znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2016-06-9926 - Hrvatska longitudinalna studija tjelesne aktivnosti u adolescenciji (Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković, )

Ustanove
Kineziološki fakultet, Zagreb