Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1024058

Impact of the mitogenome inheritance on the milk production traits in Holstein cows


Brajkovic, Vladimir; Ferenčaković, Maja; Špehar, Marija; Novosel, Dinko; Cubric-Curik, Vlatka; Međugorac, Ivica; Kunz, Elisabeth; Krebs, Stefan; Sölkner, Johann; Curik, Ino
Impact of the mitogenome inheritance on the milk production traits in Holstein cows // Book of Abstracts of the 69th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science
Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 2018. str. 462-462 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Impact of the mitogenome inheritance on the milk production traits in Holstein cows

Autori
Brajkovic, Vladimir ; Ferenčaković, Maja ; Špehar, Marija ; Novosel, Dinko ; Cubric-Curik, Vlatka ; Međugorac, Ivica ; Kunz, Elisabeth ; Krebs, Stefan ; Sölkner, Johann ; Curik, Ino

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts of the 69th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science / - , 2018, 462-462

Skup
69th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP)

Mjesto i datum
Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 27-31.08.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Milk production traits, mitochondrial genome, Holstein cattle, variance components, next generation sequencing (NGS)

Sažetak
Mitochondrial genome is a part of the oxidative phosphorylation metabolic pathway and is responsible for the production of energy in an organism. Still, the impact of mitogenome inheritance on the production traits in livestock is rarely studied. We sequenced (NGS) complete mitogenomes of cows representing 109 maternal lineages. This enabled us to assign mitogenome sequence information to 3, 040 cows with 7, 576 milk production records (milk yield, fat yield ; and protein yield). Thus, we were able to apply quantitative genetic model and estimate the proportion of total variance explained by mitohondrial inheritance (m2). We estimated m2 with three different models: (1) cytoplasmic model with maternal lineages (m2CYTO), (2) haplotypic model with mitogenome haplotypes (m2MITO) and (3) amino-acid model with unique amino-acid combinations (m2AMIN). Effects of animal, parity, calving season, region, year, heard and age at first calving were also considered in each model. Estimated proportions of phenotypic variances explained by m2CYTO and m2MITO were almost identical ranging from 0.04 to 0.05 for all three milk traits. In amino-acid model, the explained proportion of total variance was higher for protein yield (m2AMIN=0.07), equal for milk yield (m2AMIN=0.05), and lower for fat yield (m2AMIN=0.03). Obtained results show that considerable proportion of the phenotypic variance in milk traits is explained by mitogenome variation. While our further research is targeted towards identification of causal mutation, the utilisation of mitogenome inheritance in practical animal breeding remains challenging.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)