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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1022191

Immigrant entrepreneurship in Croatia: Exploring its potential, (rising) barriers and integration patterns


Šimić Banović, Ružica; Alpeza, Mirela; Brzozowski, Jan
Immigrant entrepreneurship in Croatia: Exploring its potential, (rising) barriers and integration patterns // 'Institutions for Inclusive Societies: Global and Comparative Perspective' Online Conference Proceedings
Lund, Švedska, 2019. str. 1-40 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Immigrant entrepreneurship in Croatia: Exploring its potential, (rising) barriers and integration patterns

Autori
Šimić Banović, Ružica ; Alpeza, Mirela ; Brzozowski, Jan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
'Institutions for Inclusive Societies: Global and Comparative Perspective' Online Conference Proceedings / - , 2019, 1-40

Skup
WINIR Conference 'Institutions for Inclusive Societies: Global and Comparative Perspective'

Mjesto i datum
Lund, Švedska, 19.-22.9.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Immigrant entrepreneurship ; migration ; foreign entrepreneurs ; integration

Sažetak
This is the first (socio)economic study to explore immigrant entrepreneurship in Croatia in the recent years, more precisely since Croatia joined the EU and as a member state is supposed to be more open towards foreigners, EU nationals at least. Yet, only 11% of Croatian citizens see immigration more of an opportunity than a problem (EC, 2018). At the same time, Croatia is facing a large emigration wave and a growing need of work force and entrepreneurial incentives. Studies conducted globally show the immigrants to be more entrepreneurial, less risk-averse and more innovative than the local citizens. Consequently, they contribute to the competitiveness of their host country and the well-being of its entire population. The preliminary findings based on semi- structured interviews and limited statistical data suggest growing potential of immigrant entrepreneurship in Croatia, but also persistent barriers connected both with formal and informal institutions. The formal institutions-related barriers are divided into two groups. The first one includes barriers that are equally important and harmful to domestic and foreign entrepreneurs like administrative burden, unpredictable tax regulations and overly strict employment regulations. The second group consists of the formal rules presenting obstacles specific to immigrant entrepreneurs like the lack of clear instructions and requirements for doing business for foreigners (in the public administration bodies) coupled with inadequate enforcement of the existing rules. In addition, the non-EU nationals continuously face the work permit problems. Yet, the informal institutions often present even bigger obstacle for the entrepreneurs from the less developed countries. The ignorance combined with very limited openness towards other ethnic groups discourages their entrepreneurial initiatives. This attitude mostly changes once the immigrant is accepted as an in-group member in the host society. Besides a coherent overview of the immigrant entrepreneurship in Croatia, this study provides policy recommendations aimed at using its full potential.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Ekonomija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Ekonomski fakultet, Osijek,
Pravni fakultet, Zagreb