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Body mass index trend as a new parameter for evaluating children's nutritional status


Nujić, Danijela; Karšić, Mirela; Milas, Vesna; Pavlović, Nika; Holik, Dubravka; Milas, Josip
Body mass index trend as a new parameter for evaluating children's nutritional status // Public health (London), 173 (2019), 138-145 doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2019.04.014 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Body mass index trend as a new parameter for evaluating children's nutritional status

Autori
Nujić, Danijela ; Karšić, Mirela ; Milas, Vesna ; Pavlović, Nika ; Holik, Dubravka ; Milas, Josip

Izvornik
Public health (London) (0033-3506) 173 (2019); 138-145

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
BMI ; BMI trend ; Children ; Cohort study ; Growth reference

Sažetak
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to identify a body mass index (BMI) trend as a new indicator and predictor of children's nutritional status, replacing absolute BMI, and to demonstrate that a local BMI trend is more appropriate for this purpose than a national (or international) BMI trend. STUDY DESIGN: An entire school year group of primary school children were subject to a longitudinal 8-year cohort study. METHODS: BMI was measured three times during primary school education-on enrolment to primary school, then in the fifth and eighth grades. The BMI values obtained were used to create gender- and age-based percentile curves for children born in 1998/1999 (Osijek Percentile Curves (OPC) study) in the Osijek-Baranja County, Croatia. Every BMI result obtained was linked to one of the five percentile ranks (PRs) according to threshold percentiles 3, 10, 90 and 97 ; hence, the PRs were <3, ≥3 to <10, ≥10 to <90, ≥90 to <97 and ≥ 97. Percentiles and PRs were specified for each BMI value in a dual fashion, i.e. according to OPC and the entire Croatian territory (Croatian Percentile Curves (CROPC)-2008) cross-sectional study. After integrating the BMI values at all three time points, two BMI trends appeared-one based on the OPC criteria and one based on the CROPC-2008 criteria. Individual trends were grouped into three descriptive BMI categories: 'healthy', 'at risk' and 'unhealthy'. RESULTS: For the OPC and CROPC-2008, the 'healthy' trend characterised 2097 (78.72%) and 1975 (74.14%) children, respectively ; the 'at risk' trend marked 434 (16.29%) and 458 (17.19%) children, respectively ; and the 'unhealthy' trend was found in 133 (4.99%) and 231 (8.67%) children, respectively. The biggest difference between the OPC-based and CROPC-2008-based results was detected in the 'unhealthy' trend. According to CROPC-2008, there were almost twice as many children in that category. For the purpose of study design and comparing results obtained based on OPC and those obtained based on CROPC-2008, the BMI of one boy was used. His BMI values on starting primary school, in the 5th and in the 8th grades were 19.05 kg/m2, 26.11 kg/m2 and 27.11 kg/m2, respectively. Analysis of PRs based on OPC and CROPC-2008 reveals that the same boy was represented by different trends: '<90 <90 <97' and '<90 <97 <97', respectively. In terms of residence, girls from urban areas have higher BMI values than rural girls when starting primary school. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a BMI trend could be a better indicator and predictor of children's nutritional status than absolute BMI. In addition, a cohort study is preferential to a cross-sectional study as a trend in an OPC-based study can be personalised. Also, local BMI reference values defined for each generation of children are more advantageous in this context than national BMI reference values

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek

Profili:

Avatar Url Vesna Milas (autor)

Avatar Url Josip Milas (autor)

Avatar Url Dubravka Holik (autor)

Avatar Url Danijela Nujić (autor)

Avatar Url Nika Pavlović (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Nujić, Danijela; Karšić, Mirela; Milas, Vesna; Pavlović, Nika; Holik, Dubravka; Milas, Josip
Body mass index trend as a new parameter for evaluating children's nutritional status // Public health (London), 173 (2019), 138-145 doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2019.04.014 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Nujić, D., Karšić, M., Milas, V., Pavlović, N., Holik, D. & Milas, J. (2019) Body mass index trend as a new parameter for evaluating children's nutritional status. Public health (London), 173, 138-145 doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2019.04.014.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {138-145}, DOI = {10.1016/j.puhe.2019.04.014}, keywords = {BMI, BMI trend, Children, Cohort study, Growth reference}, journal = {Public health (London)}, doi = {10.1016/j.puhe.2019.04.014}, volume = {173}, issn = {0033-3506}, title = {Body mass index trend as a new parameter for evaluating children's nutritional status}, keyword = {BMI, BMI trend, Children, Cohort study, Growth reference} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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