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Inequalities as drivers of radicalisation: is perceived (socio-political inequality) more important than objective (economic) inequality?


Franc, Renata; Pavlović, Tomislav
Inequalities as drivers of radicalisation: is perceived (socio-political inequality) more important than objective (economic) inequality? // The European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) 13th General Conference
Wroclaw, Poljska, 2019. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Inequalities as drivers of radicalisation: is perceived (socio-political inequality) more important than objective (economic) inequality?

Autori
Franc, Renata ; Pavlović, Tomislav

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni

Skup
The European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) 13th General Conference

Mjesto i datum
Wroclaw, Poljska, 04-07.09.2019.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Cognitive radicalisation, behavioural radicalisation, perceived inequality, perceived injustice

Sažetak
Inequality, which represents the objectively unequal, or subjectively perceived, unjust distribution of valued outcomes, resources, power, chances or the gaps in access to opportunities, is one of the most frequently perceived and theorised drivers of radicalisation. However, existing findings of empirical studies about inequality radicalisation link, as well as those of previous synthesis work, are inconclusive and still do not enable valid and reliable answers on questions such as Is inequality associated with radicalization? If so, how (positively or negatively), when, where and how this association can be explained? To find more reliable answers on these questions, two synthesis of previous empirical work were conducted within the DARE project: a systematic review of quantitative (and mixed method) research and a meta-ethnographic synthesis of qualitative (and mixed method) research on the relationship between inequality and radicalization. Literature search for both tasks was focused on original empirical studies published as journal articles, books/book chapters or reports between 2001 to 2017 in English language and encompassed seven electronic databases search, hand searching of journals not indexed in databases, grey literature search and cross-referencing. This presentation is based on findings of the systematic review of quantitative studies which analysed a total of 141 publications. The review indicates an inconsistent and complex relationship between inequality and radicalisation, while pointing out the diversity of existing quantitative studies in terms of inequality and radicalisation conceptualizations and methodological approaches. Thus, we separately analysed findings of studies which investigated inequality-radicalisation relationship on an individual level (42 studies based on surveys of non-radicalised individuals and 15 analysing biographical evidence on radicalised individuals), and studies which investigated relationship between macro inequality indicators and terrorism (84 macro- level studies). Moreover, we differentiated between indicators of economic and socio- political inequality, and additionally, their objective/measurable or subjective/perceived basis. Following such approach, the review findings suggested that the socio-political inequality, especially in terms of human rights abuse and repression at a macro level, or perceived social inequality at an individual level, is more consistently related to terrorism/radicalization than economic inequality. The findings of the review are discussed in terms of importance of differentiating between dimensions, indicators and levels of inequality with a special emphasis on the role of subjective or perceived inequality and psychological processes in Islamic and far- right radicalisation.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
H2020-725349 DARE

Ustanove
Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, Zagreb,
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