Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1017041

Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia


Fernandes, Daniel; Sirak, Kendra; Cheronet, Olivia; Howcroft, Rachel; Čavka, Mislav; Los, Dženi; Burmaz, Josip; Pinhasi, Ron; Novak, Mario
Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia // PLoS One, 14 (2019), 8; 0216366, 19 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216366 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia

Autori
Fernandes, Daniel ; Sirak, Kendra ; Cheronet, Olivia ; Howcroft, Rachel ; Čavka, Mislav ; Los, Dženi ; Burmaz, Josip ; Pinhasi, Ron ; Novak, Mario

Izvornik
PLoS One (1932-6203) 14 (2019), 8; 0216366, 19

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Ancient DNA, Croatia, Deformation, Archeology, Paleopathology

Sažetak
Three individuals dating to the Great Migration Period (5th century CE) were discovered in a pit at the Hermanov vinograd site in Osijek, Croatia. We were inspired to study these individuals based on their unusual burial context as well as the identification of two different types of artificial cranial deformation in two of the individuals. We combine bioarchaeological analysis with radiographic imaging, stable isotopes analysis, and ancient DNA to analyze their dietary patterns, molecular sex, and genetic affinities in the context of the archaeological data and their bioarchaeological attributes. While all three individuals were adolescent males with skeletal evidence of severe malnutrition and similar diets, the most striking observation is that they had major differences in their genetic ancestry. Results of the genetic analyses of the nuclear ancient DNA data for these individuals indicate that the individual without artificial cranial deformation shows broadly West Eurasian associated-ancestry, the individual with tabular oblique-type has East Asian ancestry and the third individual with circular erect-type has Near Eastern associated-ancestry. Based on these results, we speculate that artificial cranial deformation type may have been a visual indicator membership in a specific cultural group, and that these groups were interacting intimately on the Pannonian Plain during the Migration Period.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Arheologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2016-06-1450 - Rekonstrukcija prapovijesnog (od neolitika do brončanog doba) načina života na području Hrvatske – multidisciplinarni pristup (Mario Novak, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut za antropologiju,
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Fernandes, Daniel; Sirak, Kendra; Cheronet, Olivia; Howcroft, Rachel; Čavka, Mislav; Los, Dženi; Burmaz, Josip; Pinhasi, Ron; Novak, Mario
Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia // PLoS One, 14 (2019), 8; 0216366, 19 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216366 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Fernandes, D., Sirak, K., Cheronet, O., Howcroft, R., Čavka, M., Los, D., Burmaz, J., Pinhasi, R. & Novak, M. (2019) Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia. PLoS One, 14 (8), 0216366, 19 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216366.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {19}, DOI = {10.1371/journal.pone.0216366}, chapter = {0216366}, keywords = {Ancient DNA, Croatia, Deformation, Archeology, Paleopathology}, journal = {PLoS One}, doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0216366}, volume = {14}, number = {8}, issn = {1932-6203}, title = {Cranial deformation and genetic diversity in three adolescent male individuals from the Great Migration Period from Osijek, eastern Croatia}, keyword = {Ancient DNA, Croatia, Deformation, Archeology, Paleopathology}, chapternumber = {0216366} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Citati