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Krk-breccia, possible impact-crater fill, Island of Krk in eastern Adriatic sea (Croatia)


Marjanac, Tihomir; Tomša, Ana Marija; Marjanac, Ljerka
Krk-breccia, possible impact-crater fill, Island of Krk in eastern Adriatic sea (Croatia) // Cratering in Marine Environments and on ice / Dypvik, Henning ; Claeys, Philippe ; Burchell, Mark (ur.).
Berlin: Springer, 2003. str. 115-134


Naslov
Krk-breccia, possible impact-crater fill, Island of Krk in eastern Adriatic sea (Croatia)

Autori
Marjanac, Tihomir ; Tomša, Ana Marija ; Marjanac, Ljerka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Cratering in Marine Environments and on ice

Urednik/ci
Dypvik, Henning ; Claeys, Philippe ; Burchell, Mark

Izdavač
Springer

Grad
Berlin

Godina
2003

Raspon stranica
115-134

ISBN
3-540-40668-9

Ključne riječi
Adriatic Sea, Dinarides, impact structure, breccia,

Sažetak
We propose impact origin of a polymict breccia of presumed Eocene-Oligocene age which occurs in a continuous blanket (ca. 150 km2) and many smaller patches scattered around the island of Krk in Eastern Adriatic Sea. This breccia is not differentiated in published geological maps as one lithological unit, but as two stratigraphically different units ; namely of Early Cretaceous age and of Late Eocene to Early Oligocene age. The age of this breccia was attributed after the age of youngest clasts found, but the debris of Middle-Late Eocene age was recently found also within "Early Cretaceous" breccia, thus indicating its much younger age. Our map shows that previously differentiated breccias belong to a single lithological unit which we informally call the Krk-breccia. The Krk-breccia is generally massive, with chaotic fabric and variable amount of matrix. Its bedding is unclear, except where matrix-rich breccia underlies matrix-poor variety, and soft-sediment injection structures mark the contact. The Krk-breccia debris is stratigraphically varied ; the oldest debris is of Jurassic age, and the youngest clasts are represented by Middle Lutetian Flysch sandstones. The debris is of pebble- to cobble-size, but in the lower part of the breccia there occur very coarse clasts of Early Eocene Foraminiferal limestones, some of which exceed 64 m across. The clasts are angular and occasionally in situ fractured with matrix-filled fissures, what indicates very rapid deposition. Approximately in the centre of mapped Krk-breccia there occurs ca. 5 km wide field of scattered large limestone blocks which are herein referred to as "megablock facies". The Krk-breccia is 1500 m thick, as revealed by the Krk-1 deep exploration well, which reached Triassic/Jurassic boundary at depth of 3100 m. Comparison with "ideal" stratigraphic succession reveals that the drilled stratigraphic units are uplifted for ca. 810-1360 m at the well location. Extraordinary thickness of the Krk-breccia, its lensoid geometry, unsorted-chaotic fabric, unselective large-scale erosion which provided the debris, cartographic appearance in an elliptical unit which is restricted to a depression in the central part of the Krk Island, may be explained in terms of an impact-crater fill.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0119401

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb