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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1015591

The physiological effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) intake and exercise on hemorheology, microvascular function and physical performance in health and cardiovascular diseases ; is there an interaction of exercise and dietary n-3 PUFA intake?


Stupin, Marko; Kibel, Aleksandar; Stupin, Ana; Selthofer-Relatić, Kristina; Matić, Anita; Mihalj, Martina; Mihaljević, Zrinka; Jukić, Ivana; Drenjančević, Ines
The physiological effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) intake and exercise on hemorheology, microvascular function and physical performance in health and cardiovascular diseases ; is there an interaction of exercise and dietary n-3 PUFA intake? // Frontiers in Physiology, 10 (2019), 1129, 19 doi:10.3389/fphys.2019.01129 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The physiological effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) intake and exercise on hemorheology, microvascular function and physical performance in health and cardiovascular diseases ; is there an interaction of exercise and dietary n-3 PUFA intake?

Autori
Stupin, Marko ; Kibel, Aleksandar ; Stupin, Ana ; Selthofer-Relatić, Kristina ; Matić, Anita ; Mihalj, Martina ; Mihaljević, Zrinka ; Jukić, Ivana ; Drenjančević, Ines

Izvornik
Frontiers in Physiology (1664-042X) 10 (2019); 1129, 19

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Omega-3 supplementation ; n-3 PUFA ; Exercise ; Functional Food ; Cardiovascular ; Healthy ; Vascular ; Endothelium ; Inflammation ; Hemorheology ; Muscle ; Microcirculation

Sažetak
Physical activity has a beneficial effect on systemic hemodynamics, physical strength and cardiac function in cardiovascular (CV) patients. Potential beneficial effects of dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), such as α‐linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid on hemorheology, vascular function, inflammation and potential to improve physical performance as well as other CV parameters are currently investigated. Recent meta-analysis suggests no effect of n-3 PUFA supplementation on CV function and outcomes of CV diseases. On the other hand, some studies support beneficial effects of n-3 PUFAs dietary intake on CV and muscular system, as well as on immune responses in healthy and in CV patients. Furthermore, the interaction of exercise and dietary n-3 PUFA intake is understudied. Supplementation of n-3 PUFAs has been shown to have antithrombotic effects (by decreasing blood viscosity, decreasing coagulation factor and PAI-1 levels and platelet aggregation/reactivity, enhancing fibrinolysis, but without effects on erythrocyte deformability). They decrease inflammation by decreasing IL-6, MCP-1, TNFα and hsCRP levels, expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules and significantly affect blood composition of fatty acids. Treatment with n-3 PUFAs enhances brachial artery blood flow and conductance during exercise and enhances microvascular post occlusive hyperemic response in healthy humans, however, the effects are unknown in cardiovascular patients. Supplementation of n-3 PUFAs may improve anaerobic endurance and may modulate oxygen consumption during intense exercise, may increase metabolic capacity, enhance endurance capacity delaying the onset of fatigue, and improving muscle hypertrophy and neuromuscular function in humans and animal models. In addition, n-3 PUFAs have anti- inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects and may attenuate delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle stiffness, and preserve joint mobility. On the other hand, effects of n-3 PUFAs were variably observed in men and women and they vary depending on dietary protocol, type of supplementation and type of sports activity undertaken, both in healthy and cardiovascular patients. In this review we will discuss the physiological effects of n-3 PUFA intake and exercise on hemorheology, microvascular function, immunomodulation and inflammation and physical performance in healthy persons and in cardiovascular diseases ; elucidating if there is an interaction of exercise and diet.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
grant #KK.01.1.1.01.0010

Ustanove
Klinički bolnički centar Osijek,
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek,
Fakultet za dentalnu medicinu i zdravstvo, Osijek

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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