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Genetic and lifestyle predictors of ischemic stroke severity and outcome


Celap, Ivana; Nikolac Gabaj, Nora; Demarin, Vida; Basic Kes, Vanja; Simundic, Ana-Maria
Genetic and lifestyle predictors of ischemic stroke severity and outcome // Neurological Sciences, 40 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-04006-y, 8 doi:10.1007/s10072-019-04006-y (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Genetic and lifestyle predictors of ischemic stroke severity and outcome

Autori
Celap, Ivana ; Nikolac Gabaj, Nora ; Demarin, Vida ; Basic Kes, Vanja ; Simundic, Ana-Maria

Izvornik
Neurological Sciences (1590-1874) 40 (2019); Https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-04006-y, 8

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
APOA5 variant ; Stroke severity ; Risk factors ; Triglycerides

Sažetak
Background Different models that include clinical variables and blood markers have been investigated to predict acute ischemic stroke treatment course and recovery. Aim The aim of the study was to investigate associations between lipid levels, lifestyle factors, hemostatic (F5, F2, SERPINE1, F13A1, and FGB), and atherogenic (APOA5 and ACE) gene variants and acute ischemic stroke (AIS) severity. Materials and methods This study included 250 patients with AIS in which F5, F2, SERPINE1, F13A1, FGB, APOA5, and ACE genotypes were determined. Total cholesterol (TC), high- density cholesterol, low-density cholesterol, and triglycerides concentrations were measured within 24 h of the AIS onset. Examination of the neurological deficit was done using National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale/Score (NIHSS). Results APOA5 genotype [TC + CC] was more frequent (P = 0.026) in patients with the NIHSS score ≥ 21. Univariate regression analysis has shown that triglycerides (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.34–0.91 ; P = 0.019), obesity (0.28, 95% CI 0.10–0.73 ; P = 0.010), age (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04–1.13 ; P < 0.001), and APOA5 genotype (TC + CC) (OR 2.40, 95% CI 1.10– 5.25 ; P = 0.034) are significantly associated with a severe stroke. When all variables were included in model age (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.01–1.11 ; P = 0.018), obesity (OR 0.25, 95%CI 0.08–0.77 ; P = 0.016) and APOA5 genotype (TC + CC) (OR 3.26, 95%CI 1.29–8.23 ; P = 0.012) remained significant for the risk of severe AIS. Conclusion APOA5 genotype (TC + CC), age, and obesity could be used as prognostic risk factors for a very severe stroke (NIHSS ≥ 21).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinička bolnica "Sveti Duh",
KBC "Sestre Milosrdnice"

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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