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New and potent quinuclidine based antimicrobial agents


Radman Kastelic, Andreja; Odžak, Renata; Pezdirc, Iskra; Sović, Karlo; Hrenar, Tomica; Čipak Gašparović, Ana; Skočibušić, Mirjana; Primožič, Ines
New and potent quinuclidine based antimicrobial agents // Molecules, 24 (2019), 14; 2675-2692 doi:10.3390/molecules24142675 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
New and potent quinuclidine based antimicrobial agents

Autori
Radman Kastelic, Andreja ; Odžak, Renata ; Pezdirc, Iskra ; Sović, Karlo ; Hrenar, Tomica ; Čipak Gašparović, Ana ; Skočibušić, Mirjana ; Primožič, Ines

Izvornik
Molecules (1420-3049) 24 (2019), 14; 2675-2692

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Antimicrobial potency ; Quinuclidinium oximes ; Gram-positive and Gram- negative bacteria ; Multi-way analysis

Sažetak
Developing new antibiotics is currently very important since antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest problems of global health today. In the search for a new class of potential antimicrobial agents, ten new compounds were designed and synthesized based on quinuclidinium heterocyclic core and oxime functional group. The antimicrobial activity was assessed against a panel of representative Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. All compounds demonstrated potent activity against the tested microorganisms, with MIC values ranging from 0.25 to 256.00 μg/mL. Among the tested compounds, two quaternary compounds, para-N-chlorobenzyl and meta-N-bromobenzyl quinuclidinium oximes, displayed the most potent and broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains (MIC values from 0.25 to 4.00 μg/mL), with the lowest value for the important multidrug resistant Gram-negative pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In the case of Klebsiella pneumoniae activity of those compounds are 256-fold and 16-fold better than gentamicin, respectively. MTT assay showed that compounds are nontoxic for human cell lines. Multi-way analysis was used to separately reduce dimensionality of quantum chemical data and biological activity data to obtain regression model and required parameters for the enhancement of biological activity.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2016-06-3775 - Aktivnošću i in silico usmjeren dizajn malih bioaktivnih molekula (Tomica Hrenar, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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