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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1007006

Identification of novel, membrane-active antimicrobial peptide in anura by targeted DNA sequencing


Rončević, Tomislav; Krce, Lucija; Gerdol, Marco; Pacor, Sabrina; Benincasa, Monica; Aviani, Ivica; Čikeš-čulić, Vedrana; Pallavicini, Alberto; Maravić, Ana; Tossi, Alessandro
Identification of novel, membrane-active antimicrobial peptide in anura by targeted DNA sequencing // Book Of Abstracts / Abram, Maja ; Bielen, Ana ; Kifer, Domagoj ; Maravić Vlahoviček, Gordana ; Šegvić Klarić, Maja (ur.).
Zagreb: Recedo digital j.d.o.o, 2018. str. 73-73 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Identification of novel, membrane-active antimicrobial peptide in anura by targeted DNA sequencing

Autori
Rončević, Tomislav ; Krce, Lucija ; Gerdol, Marco ; Pacor, Sabrina ; Benincasa, Monica ; Aviani, Ivica ; Čikeš-čulić, Vedrana ; Pallavicini, Alberto ; Maravić, Ana ; Tossi, Alessandro

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book Of Abstracts / Abram, Maja ; Bielen, Ana ; Kifer, Domagoj ; Maravić Vlahoviček, Gordana ; Šegvić Klarić, Maja - Zagreb : Recedo digital j.d.o.o, 2018, 73-73

ISBN
978-953-7778-16-3

Skup
6th Central European Symposium on Antimicrobials and Antimicrobial Resistance CESAR 2018

Mjesto i datum
Sv. Martin na Muri, Hrvatska, 19.09.-22.09.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Aggregation ; Anuran antimicrobial peptides

Sažetak
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are endogenous antibiotics present in all organisms acting directly towards pathogens and also showing immunomodulatory properties. Skin secretions of many tested anuran species have been shown to contain a variety of bioactive peptides that often exhibit antibacterial activity, also against multidrug resistant isolates. We have selectively amplified transcripts likely to encode for AMPs, thus providing their sequences. After RNA extraction from frog skin tissue samples, cDNA synthesis followed by PCR amplification was performed. For this purpose, forward degenerate primers were designed based on highly conserved signal peptide regions from Ranidae, Hylidae and Bombinatoridae together with a reverse primer designed on the poly-A tail of mRNA. Signal peptide regions themselves were derived from sequences already available in DADP database and transcriptome data in SRA database. Resulting amplicons were size-selected and processed by ion semiconductor sequencing, obtaining several thousand sequencing reads which were then assembled into contigs representing nearly full-length AMP-encoding transcripts. Analysis of the assembled sequencing output allowed to identify more than a hundred full-length mature peptides from 5 different specimens belonging to 5 different frog species, mostly from Ranidae species. Based on appropriate biophysical properties (e.g. charge, hydrophobicity, amphipathicity) six of the most promising candidates were chosen for chemical synthesis and extensive characterization. All peptides were tested against a panel of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, as well on tumour cell lines. One peptide, identified in Rana arvalis, proved to be active against both reference ATCC strains and cancer cells, while non-toxic for human MEC-1 cells in a range of concentrations several folds higher then minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and IC50 values. Furthermore, the peptide was found to disrupt the bacterial membrane even at sub-MIC concentrations, as observed by flow cytometry and visualised by atomic force microscopy (AFM).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Interdisciplinarne prirodne znanosti, Biotehnologija u biomedicini (prirodno područje, biomedicina i zdravstvo, biotehničko područje)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-8481 - Biofizikalni dizajn antimikrobnih peptida i inovativni molekularni deskriptori (Davor Juretic, )

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Split,
Medicinski fakultet, Split