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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1005296

Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration related to C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion


Babić Leko, Mirjana; Župunski, Vera; Kirincich, Jason; Smilović, Dinko; Hortobágyi, Tibor; Hof R. Patrick; Šimić, Goran
Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration related to C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion // Behavioural neurology, 2019 (2019), 1-18 doi:10.1155/2019/2909168 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration related to C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion

Autori
Babić Leko, Mirjana ; Župunski, Vera ; Kirincich, Jason ; Smilović, Dinko ; Hortobágyi, Tibor ; Hof R. Patrick ; Šimić, Goran

Izvornik
Behavioural neurology (0953-4180) 2019 (2019); 1-18

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal dementia, C9ORF72, pathogenesis

Sažetak
Two clinically distinct diseases, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), have recently been classified as two extremes of the FTD/ALS spectrum. The neuropathological correlate of FTD is frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), characterized by tau-, TDP-43-, and FUS-immunoreactive neuronal inclusions. An earlier discovery that a hexanucleotide repeat expansion mutation in chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72) gene causes ALS and FTD established a special subtype of ALS and FTLD with TDP-43 pathology (C9FTD/ALS). Normal individuals carry 2-10 hexanucleotide GGGGCC repeats in the C9orf72 gene, while more than a few hundred repeats represent a risk for ALS and FTD. The proposed molecular mechanisms by which C9orf72 repeat expansions induce neurodegenerative changes are C9orf72 loss-of-function through haploinsufficiency, RNA toxic gain-of-function, and gain-of-function through the accumulation of toxic dipeptide repeat proteins. However, many more cellular processes are affected by pathological processes in C9FTD/ALS, including nucleocytoplasmic transport, RNA processing, normal function of nucleolus, formation of membraneless organelles, translation, ubiquitin proteasome system, Notch signalling pathway, granule transport, and normal function of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43). Although the exact molecular mechanisms through which C9orf72 repeat expansions account for neurodegeneration have not been elucidated, some potential therapeutics, such as antisense oligonucleotides targeting hexanucleotide GGGGCC repeats in mRNA, were successful in preclinical trials and are awaiting phase 1 clinical trials. In this review, we critically discuss each proposed mechanism and provide insight into the most recent studies aiming to elucidate the molecular underpinnings of C9FTD/ALS.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2014-09-9730 - Hiperfosforilacija, agregacija i transsinaptički prijenos tau proteina u Alzheimerovoj bolesti: analiza likvora i ispitivanje potencijalnih neuroprotektivnih spojeva

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Goran Šimić (autor)

Avatar Url Mirjana Babić Leko (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Babić Leko, Mirjana; Župunski, Vera; Kirincich, Jason; Smilović, Dinko; Hortobágyi, Tibor; Hof R. Patrick; Šimić, Goran
Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration related to C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion // Behavioural neurology, 2019 (2019), 1-18 doi:10.1155/2019/2909168 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Babić Leko, M., Župunski, V., Kirincich, J., Smilović, D., Hortobágyi, T., Hof R. Patrick & Šimić, G. (2019) Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration related to C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion. Behavioural neurology, 2019, 1-18 doi:10.1155/2019/2909168.
@article{article, year = {2019}, pages = {1-18}, DOI = {10.1155/2019/2909168}, keywords = {amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal dementia, C9ORF72, pathogenesis}, journal = {Behavioural neurology}, doi = {10.1155/2019/2909168}, volume = {2019}, issn = {0953-4180}, title = {Molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration related to C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion}, keyword = {amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal dementia, C9ORF72, pathogenesis} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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