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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1003462

Damaging effects, oxidative stress responses and cholinesterase activity in blood and brain of Wistar rats exposed to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol


Kopjar, Nevenka; Fuchs, Nino; Žunec, Suzana; Mikolić, Anja; Micek, Vedran; Kozina, Goran; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana; Brčić Karačonji, Irena
Damaging effects, oxidative stress responses and cholinesterase activity in blood and brain of Wistar rats exposed to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol // Molecules, 24 (2019), 8; 1560, 18 doi:10.3390/molecules24081560 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Damaging effects, oxidative stress responses and cholinesterase activity in blood and brain of Wistar rats exposed to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

Autori
Kopjar, Nevenka ; Fuchs, Nino ; Žunec, Suzana ; Mikolić, Anja ; Micek, Vedran ; Kozina, Goran ; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana ; Brčić Karačonji, Irena

Izvornik
Molecules (1420-3049) 24 (2019), 8; 1560, 18

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Acetylcholinesterase, antioxidative enzymes, brain cells, butyrylcholinesterase, genotoxicity, glutathione, comet assay, lipid peroxidation, white blood cells

Sažetak
Currently we are faced with an ever-growing use of D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) preparations, often used as supportive therapies for various malignancies and neurological disorders. As some of illegally distributed forms of such preparations, like cannabis oils and butane hash oil, might contain over 80% of THC, their consumers can become intoxicated or experience various detrimental e ects. This fact motivated us for the assessments of THC toxicity in vivo on aWistar rat model, at a daily oral dose of 7 mg/kg which is comparable to those found in illicit preparations. The main objective of the present study was to establish the magnitude and dynamics of DNA breakage associated with THC exposure in white blood and brain cells of treated rats using the alkaline comet assay. The extent of oxidative stress after acute 24 h exposure to THC was also determined as well as changes in activities of plasma and brain cholinesterases (ChE) in THC- treated and control rats. The DNA of brain cells was more prone to breakage after THC treatment compared to DNA in white blood cells. Even though DNA damage quantified by the alkaline comet assay is subject to repair, its elevated level detected in the brain cells of THC-treated rats was reason for concern. Since neurons do not proliferate, increased levels of DNA damage present threats to these cells in terms of both viability and genome stability, while inecient DNA repair might lead to their progressive loss. The present study contributes to existing knowledge with evidence that acute exposure to a high THC dose led to low-level DNA damage in white blood cells and brain cells of rats and induced oxidative stress in brain, but did not disturb ChE activities.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb,
Sveučilište Sjever, Koprivnica

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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