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Clinical efficacy of ivermectin against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia


Đuričić, Dražen; Samardžija, Marko
Clinical efficacy of ivermectin against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia // Proceeding of Middle-European Buiatric Congress ; Supplement The Animal Biology / Vlizlo, V. (ur.).
Lviv: Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, 2019. str. 90-90 doi:10.15407/animbiol (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Clinical efficacy of ivermectin against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia

Autori
Đuričić, Dražen ; Samardžija, Marko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceeding of Middle-European Buiatric Congress ; Supplement The Animal Biology / Vlizlo, V. - Lviv : Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, 2019, 90-90

Skup
XIX Middle-European Buiatric Congress

Mjesto i datum
Lavov, Hrvatska, 22-25.05.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
camelids ; gastrointestinal parasites ; ivermectin

Sažetak
Objectives. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical effectiveness of ivermectin (Biomectin 1%) against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia. Methods. One castrated dromedary camel, three bactrian camels (two females and one male) and a pair of llamas were used in this clinical study. All animals were aged 1-3 years and were kept in a fenced area with a sandy base for exercise, with access to stables during the night. Animals had free access to good quality meadow hay, adequate concentrate for camelids and drinking water. The female camels and both llamas occasionally consumed less food, had messy hair and occasionally had short-term diarrhoea. Faecal samples were collected twice prior to treatment (in April and May) and three times every two months (July, September and November) after SC administration of 1% ivermectin (Biomectin) at a SC dose of 0.3 mg/kg. Faecal examination was performed by the flotation method using ZnSO4 (371 g zinc sulfate in 1000 ml water). From each animal, 3 g faeces was mixed with 10 ml prepared ZnSO4 solution, and the sample was centrifuged at 1200 rpm for 5 minutes. Every sample was checked by the McMaster’s test (MMT) to determine the number of eggs per gram (EPG) of faeces for each type of GI parasite. Results. A variety of gastrointestinal nematodes were identified prior treatment, including undifferentiated strongyles, Nematodirus spp., and Strongyloides sp. (in llamas only). Prior to treatment, the average EPG in all camelids was 28.42±9.72 (Nematodirus sp.), 78.08±37.06 (strongyles) and 56.05±12.00 (Strongyloides sp., in llamas only). After treatment, EPG was reduced to 5.05±3.19 (Nematodirus sp.) and 3.17±3.12 (strongyles). In July, 66.67% of samples were negative for undifferentiated strongyles and only 16.67% for Nematodirus sp. eggs. All three MMT tests after treatment were negative for Strongyloides sp. in llamas. Conclusions. After ivermectin treatment, animals had a better appetite, shiny hair and solid faeces. Ivermectin (Biomectin 1%) at a SC dose of 0.3 mg/kg, caused a reduction in egg production of Nematodirus, Strongyloides, and undifferentiated strongyle species, as determined by faecal egg counts in camelids at the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Veterinarska medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Dražen Đuričić (autor)

Avatar Url Marko Samardžija (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Đuričić, Dražen; Samardžija, Marko
Clinical efficacy of ivermectin against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia // Proceeding of Middle-European Buiatric Congress ; Supplement The Animal Biology / Vlizlo, V. (ur.).
Lviv: Institute of Animal Biology NAAS, 2019. str. 90-90 doi:10.15407/animbiol (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Đuričić, D. & Samardžija, M. (2019) Clinical efficacy of ivermectin against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at Đurđevac, Croatia. U: Vlizlo, V. (ur.)Proceeding of Middle-European Buiatric Congress ; Supplement The Animal Biology doi:10.15407/animbiol.
@article{article, editor = {Vlizlo, V.}, year = {2019}, pages = {90-90}, DOI = {10.15407/animbiol}, keywords = {camelids, gastrointestinal parasites, ivermectin}, doi = {10.15407/animbiol}, title = {Clinical efficacy of ivermectin against certain gastrointestinal nematodes of camelids in the Stari Grad Zoo at \DJur\djevac, Croatia}, keyword = {camelids, gastrointestinal parasites, ivermectin}, publisher = {Institute of Animal Biology NAAS}, publisherplace = {Lavov, Hrvatska} }

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