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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1003056

A ‘pathogenic needle’ in a ‘commensal haystack’: Genetic virulence signatures of Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum that may drive its infectious propensity for the male urogenital system


Meštrović, Tomislav; Wilson, Jonas; Ljubin-Sternak, Sunčanica; Sviben, Mario; Bedenić, Branka; Barać, Aleksandra; Neuberg, Marijana; Drenjančević, Domagoj; Ribić, Rosana; Kozina, Goran
A ‘pathogenic needle’ in a ‘commensal haystack’: Genetic virulence signatures of Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum that may drive its infectious propensity for the male urogenital system // Medical hypotheses, 126 (2019), 38-41 doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2019.03.011 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A ‘pathogenic needle’ in a ‘commensal haystack’: Genetic virulence signatures of Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum that may drive its infectious propensity for the male urogenital system

Autori
Meštrović, Tomislav ; Wilson, Jonas ; Ljubin-Sternak, Sunčanica ; Sviben, Mario ; Bedenić, Branka ; Barać, Aleksandra ; Neuberg, Marijana ; Drenjančević, Domagoj ; Ribić, Rosana ; Kozina, Goran

Izvornik
Medical hypotheses (0306-9877) 126 (2019); 38-41

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum ; pathogenesis ; urogenital infections

Sažetak
The predominance of the genus Corynebacterium in the healthy male urogenital system contributes to the resident microbiome of not only the distal urethra, but potentially the proximal urethra and urinary bladder as well. However, for certain species in this genus, pathogenic potential was described, and the salient representative is Corynebacterium glucuronolyticum (C. glucuronolyticum) implicated in cases of urethritis and prostatitis in men. Nonetheless, some still question whether C. glucuronolyticum can actually be considered pathogenic or rather just a commensal species fortuitously isolated in patients with urogenital symptoms and/or syndromes. Although pathogen/commensal dichotomy is not always clear-cut, we hypothesize that specific genetic markers may expose C. glucuronolyticum as a convincingly pathogenic Corynebacterium. More specifically, characteristic pathogenic gene constellation inherent to this species (most notably the presence of specific sortase/SpaA-type pili gene clusters, but also the augmentative role of type VII secretion system) may significantly facilitate host tissue adhesion, with subsequent suppression/evasion of the immune response and acquisition of vitally important nutrients. Consequently, these genetic markers differentiate C. glucuronolyticum from its commensal counterparts, and give this species a pathogenic facet, which can be even further influenced by the Allee effect. In this paper we also propose a specific methodological approach on how to analyze C. glucuronolyticum epithelial colonization capacity and explore inceptive host cell-pathogen interactions that manipulate host environment and immune responses. This entails moving from approaches based primarily on overall homology of primary sequences towards specific structure-function studies to precisely evaluate all stakeholders involved in pili assemblage, cell adhesion and the expression of other virulence traits. In the era of high precision medicine, the hypothesized roles of C. glucuronolyticum adhesion systems in both virulence and nutrient acquisition may also reveal promising targets for future drug developments.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Hrvatski zavod za javno zdravstvo,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Nastavni zavod za javno zdravstvo "Dr. Andrija Štampar",
Klinički bolnički centar Osijek,
Opća bolnica Varaždin,
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek,
Sveučilište Sjever, Koprivnica

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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