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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1002389

The utilization possibilities of waste polyurethane from household appliances


Stančin, Hrvoje; Růžičková, Jana; Mikulčić, Hrvoje; Raclavska, Helena; Kucbel, Marek; Duić, Neven
The utilization possibilities of waste polyurethane from household appliances // Digital Proceedings of 13th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - SDEWES / Ban, Marko (ur.).
Zagreb: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 2018. SDEWES2018.0423, 17 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
The utilization possibilities of waste polyurethane from household appliances

Autori
Stančin, Hrvoje ; Růžičková, Jana ; Mikulčić, Hrvoje ; Raclavska, Helena ; Kucbel, Marek ; Duić, Neven

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Digital Proceedings of 13th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - SDEWES / Ban, Marko - Zagreb : University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 2018

Skup
13th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - SDEWES

Mjesto i datum
Palermo, Italija, 30.09.-04.10.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Polyurethane waste ; amines ; pyrolysis-gas chromatography

Sažetak
Polyurethane has a good insulation characteristic and good chemical resistance. Due to these two properties it represents an excellent insulation and lining material for refrigerators and freezers. Experimental analysis of polyurethane (PU) waste material separated into several grain size classes was performed by the method of pyrolysis gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (Py-GC/MS) at various pyrolytic temperatures, namely at 500, 600 and 700 °C. Waste PU contains various groups of organic compounds (aromatic hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkenes, alkadiens, hydrazines, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, compounds containing phenols, dioxines, carboxyl acids, ethers, additives, acetates, oxysulphates, alcanoates and contaminants) in various concentrations. The most important compounds include heterocyclic compounds of nitrogen, aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols and alcanoates. Organic compounds containing heterocyclic nitrogen, especially amines (e.g. n- ethylmorpholine, dimethylpiperazine, n, n- dimethylcyclohexanamine, n, n- dimethylbenzenmethanamine and others) belong to compounds with the highest concentrations in pyrolysates. These amines come from the catalysts during PU production. The experimental analysis found important differences in composition of amines and other compounds, in dependence on grain size composition. Unhomogenized samples produce the highest concentration of amines (˃ 40%) at the temperature of 500 °C. The temperature increase leads to the decrease of amines concentration. On the contrary, the sample homogenization leads to the significant increase of amines production. PU waste of grain size from 0.125 to 0.25 mm contained by 80% more amines with dominance of n, n-dimethylcyclohexamine. Concentrations in other grain size fractions were pronouncedly lower. The yield of amines is also influenced by temperature. Temperature increase (over 600 °C) leads to the decrease in amines concentration.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
120-1201918-1920 - Racionalno skladištenje energije za održivi razvoj energetike (Neven Duić, )

Ustanove
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb