Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 1000372
Neurophonetics // The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders / Ball, Martin J. ; Damico, Jack S. (ur.).
Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2019. str. 1246-1250 doi:10.4135/9781483380810.n412
Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni
The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders
Ball, Martin J. ; Damico, Jack S.
SAGE Publications, Inc.
Anatomy of the Hearing Mechanism and Central Audiology Nervous System ; Anatomy of the Human Neurological System ; Neurogenic Communication Disorders ; Neurolinguistics ; Speech Perception, Theories of ; Speech Production, Theories of
Neurophonetics studies neural bases of speech production and perception. Speech production starts with a proposition that is transformed into a verbal message by a series of pragmatic and language-specific rules and constraints, to be finally articulated with the help of motor control mechanisms and auditory feedback loop and monitoring processes. Speech perception involves auditory encoding of phonological features as a step in lexical access and comprehension of the message within the perception–memory–action loop. Just as the boundary between the more general fields of phonetics and linguistics is blurry, the area where neurophonetics and neurolinguistics meet is gray and some overlap is to be expected. There seems to be general agreement that neurophonetics covers acoustic, phonetic, and phonological aspects of speech processing to the level of lexical access. Neurophonetic research has found application in areas such as speech acquisition, clinical phonetics, and bilingualism. This entry provides an overview of the methodology used in neurophonetics, then explores the neural bases of speech processing, and finally addresses issues related to bilingualism and neurogenic speech disorders.
Filologija, Interdisciplinarne humanističke znanosti